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Biomedical scientist
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article needs attention from an expert in Medicine. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. WikiProject Medicine or the Medicine Portal may be able to help recruit an expert. (February 2009) A biomedical scientist (biomedician, biomedical doctor, medical scientist, clinical scientist) is a scientist trained in biology, particularly in the context of medicine. These scientists work to gain knowledge on the main principles of how the human body works and to find new ways to cure or treat disease by developing advanced diagnostic tools or new therapeutic strategies. The research of biomedical scientists is referred to as biomedical research. Biomedical scientists can have a particular focus on basic, pre-clinical, or translational research. While biomedical scientists specifically focus on understanding the human body and disease, scientists educated in other fields also contribute greatly to advancements in medical knowledge, including biologists, biomedical engineers, chemists, and physicists. In the United Kingdom, the term "biomedical scientist" as related to the health service has a different meaning than in other parts of the world, specifically referring to a class of healthcare professional that performs clinical pathology services. Contents [hide]

1 Description
1.1 Level of education
1.2 Work environment
1.2.1 Academics
1.2.2 Industry
1.2.3 Non-Traditional Career Paths
1.3 United Kingdom
2 Education
2.1 United Kingdom (England, Wales, and Northern Ireland)
3 Areas of specialization
4 Salaries and job growth
4.1 United Kingdom
4.2 United States of America
5 See also
6 References
7 External links
[edit]Description

The specific activities of the biomedical scientist can differ in various parts of the world and vary with the level of education. Generally speaking, biomedical scientists conduct research in a laboratory setting, using living organisms as models to conduct experiments. These can include cultured human or animal cells grown outside of the whole organism, small animals such as flies, worms, fish, mice, and rats, or, rarely, larger animals and primates. Biomedical scientists may also work directly with human tissue specimens to perform experiments as well as participate in clinical research. Biomedical scientists employ a variety of techniques in order to carry out laboratory experiments. These include: Molecular and biochemical techniques

Electrophoresis and blotting
Immunostaining
Chromatography
Mass spectrometry
PCR and sequencing
Microarrays
Imaging technologies
Light, fluorescence, and electron microscopy
MRI
PET
X-ray
Genetic engineering/modification
Transfection
Viral transduction
Transgenic model organisms
Electrophysiology techniques
Patch clamp
EEG, EKG, ERG
In silico techniques
Bioinformatics
Computational biology
[edit]Level of education
Biomedical scientists typically obtain a terminal academic degree, usually a doctorate. (PhD, DSc, DPhil, etc.) This degree is necessary for faculty positions at academic institutions, as well as senior scientist positions at most companies. Some biomedical scientists also possess a medical degree (MD, DO, MBBS, etc.) in addition to an academic degree. [edit]Work environment

[edit]Academics
This category includes tenured faculty positions at universities, colleges, non-profit research institutes, and sometimes hospitals. These positions usually afford more intellectual freedom and give the researcher more latitude in the direction and content of the research. Scientists in academic settings, in addition to conducting experiments, will also attend scientific conferences, compete for research grant funding, publish scientific papers, and teach classes. [edit]Industry

Industry jobs refer to private sector jobs at for-profit corporations. In the case of biomedical scientists, employment is usually at...
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