Bio Learning Curriculum

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Science Education Key Learning Area

Biology
Curriculum and Assessment Guide (Secondary 4 - 6)

Jointly prepared by the Curriculum Development Council and the Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority Recommended for use in schools by the Education and Manpower Bureau HKSARG 2007

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Contents
Page Preamble Acronym Chapter 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Introduction Background Implementation of Science Subjects in Schools Rationale Curriculum Aims Interface with the Junior Secondary Curriculum and Post-secondary Pathways Curriculum Framework Design Principles Learning Targets 2.2.1 Knowledge and Understanding 2.2.2 Skills and Processes 2.2.3 Values and Attitudes Curriculum Structure and Organisation 2.3.1 Curriculum Emphases 2.3.2 Time Allocation Scientific Investigations Compulsory Part Elective Part i iii 1 1 2 3 3 4

Chapter 2 2.1 2.2

7 7 8 9 9 9 10 12 14 16 17 43

2.3

Chapter 3 3.1 3.2 3.3

Curriculum Planning Guiding Principles Progression Curriculum Planning Strategies 3.3.1 Interface with the Junior Secondary Science Curriculum 3.3.2 Learning and Teaching Sequence 3.3.3 Linking Major Concepts within the Curriculum 3.3.4 Applying the Curriculum Emphases across the Curriculum 3.3.5 Catering for Learner Diversity 3.3.6 Flexible Use of Learning Time Curriculum Management 3.4.1 Effective Curriculum Management 3.4.2 Role of Different Stakeholders in Schools Learning and Teaching Knowledge and Learning Guiding Principles Approaches and Strategies 4.3.1 Approaches to Learning and Teaching 4.3.2 Variety and Flexibility in Learning and Teaching 4.3.3 From Curriculum to Pedagogy: How to Start Interaction 4.4.1 Scaffolding Learning 4.4.2 Effective Questioning 4.4.3 Feedback Catering for Learner Diversity 4.5.1 Strategies to Cater for Learner Diversity 4.5.2 Information Technology as a Learning Tool to Cater for Learner Diversity 4.5.3 Catering for Gifted Students

63 63 63 65 66 67 68 69 69 70 70 70 72 75 75 75 77 77 78 78 86 86 87 87 88 89 90 91

3.4

Chapter 4 4.1 4.2 4.3

4.4

4.5

Chapter 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4

Assessment The Roles of Assessment Formative and Summative Assessment Assessment Objectives Internal Assessment 5.4.1 Guiding Principles 5.4.2 Internal Assessment Practices Public Assessment 5.5.1 Guiding Principles 5.5.2 Assessment Design 5.5.3 Public Examinations 5.5.4 School-based Assessment (SBA) 5.5.5 Standards and the Reporting of Results Learning and Teaching Resources Purpose and Function of Learning and Teaching Resources Guiding Principles Types of Resources 6.3.1 Textbooks 6.3.2 References 6.3.3 The Internet and Technology 6.3.4 Community Resources Flexible Use of Learning and Teaching Resources Resource Management

93 93 93 95 96 96 97 98 98 100 101 101 103 105 105 105 106 106 107 108 109 110 110

5.5

Chapter 6 6.1 6.2 6.3

6.4 6.5 Appendices 1 2 Glossary References

Time-tabling arrangement and deployment of teachers to cater for the diverse needs of students Resources published by the Education and Manpower Bureau

111 115 117 123

Membership of the CDC-HKEAA Committee on Biology (Senior Secondary)

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Preamble
The Education and Manpower Bureau (EMB) stated in its report 1 in 2005 that the implementation of a three-year senior secondary academic structure would commence at Secondary 4 in September 2009. The senior secondary academic structure is supported by a flexible, coherent and diversified senior secondary curriculum aimed at catering for students’ varied interests, needs and abilities. This Curriculum and Assessment (C&A) Guide is one of the series of documents prepared for the senior secondary curriculum. It is based on the goals of senior secondary education and on other official documents related to the curriculum and assessment reform since 2000, including the Basic Education Curriculum Guide (2002) and the Senior Secondary Curriculum Guide (2007). To gain a full understanding of the connection...
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