The first known occurrence of the binary numeral system is around the 8th century BC. It was created by the ancient Indian writer Pingala. He came across this as a method to describe prosody. This type of numeration system is a descendant of the Old Kingdom’s Eye of the Horus. A full set of eight trigrams and sixty four hexagrams, which are analog to the three bit and six bit binary numerals, are known to the ancient Chinese as I Ching. The Chinese scholar Shao Yong developed values for binary numbers 0-63 in the I Ching hexagrams arrangement. In 1605 Francis Bacon introduced a system by which letters of the alphabet could be reduced to sequences of binary digits.

He added that this method could be used with any objects at all: "provided those objects be capable of a twofold difference only; as by Bells, by Trumpets, by Lights and Torches, by the report of Muskets, and any instruments of like nature". In 1854, British mathematician George Boole published a landmark paper detailing an algebraic system of logic that would become known as Boolean algebra. His logical calculus was to become instrumental in the design of digital electronic circuitry. (First and second paragraph come from the history of binary code found on Wikipedia, http://www.wikipedia.com)

Binary meaning two. The principle behind digital computers. All input to the computer is converted into binary numbers made up of the two digits 0 and 1. The bits are stored as charged and uncharged memory cells or as microscopic magnets on disk and tape. Display screens and printers convert the binary numbers into visual characters. The electronic circuits that process these binary numbers are also binary in concept. The current flowing through one switch turns on (or off) another switch, and so on. A computer's capability to do work is based on its workspace capacity (memory), storage capacity...

...The modern binary number system, the basis for binarycode, was discovered by Gottfried Leibniz in 1679 and appears in his article Explication de l'Arithmétique Binaire. The full title is translated into English as the "Explanation of the binary arithmetic", which uses only the characters 1 and 0, with some remarks on its usefulness, and on the light it throws on the ancient Chinese figures of Fu Xi."[1] (1703). Leibniz's system uses 0...

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11 Ramadhan 1435
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FORMATS
INTRODUCTION
HOW DOES A COMPUTER REPRESENT THE NUMERICAL DATA IN
BINARY FORMAT?
Base-2 digits [Straight Binary]
BCD [Binary-Coded Decimal]
binary-coded decimal (BCD) - class of binary encodings of decimal
numbers
In byte-oriented systems (i.e. most...

...precision of the numbers to be kept as they are once they are sorted.
Therefore, the binary search is implemented.
Function of the binary search:
1)
Considering that the structure is already sorted (if not we need to do so)the goal of the binary search is to find a location within the “tree” called the key, and ensure, that there is space for it if something were to be overwritten on it.
The binary search functions by looking...

...BINARY NUMBER SYSTEM
Definition
The binary number system is relatively simple because it only uses two digits, 0 and 1. Therefore, it has a numerical base of 2. In order to count further than 1, we simply start back at 0 and add to the number on the left.
Decimal
Binary
0
0000
1
0001
2
0010
3
0011
4
0100
5
0101
6
0110
7
0111
8
1000
9
1001
The powers of 2 are used to convert binary numbers into decimal...

...Code of Ethics Comparison Paper
Melissa J. Diehl
Liberty University
September 2, 2012
Abstract
Different organizations are driven by specific sets of code of ethics, which are used to protect many different aspect of the organizations, specifically the client, counselor, and organization. Concerning the standards of a counselor, their ethics are not only...

...Gray Code
This is a variable weighted code and is cyclic. This means that it is arranged so that every transition from
one value to the next value involves only one bit change. The gray code is sometimes referred to as
reflected binary, because the first eight values compare with those of the last 8 values, but in reverse order.
The gray code is often used in mechanical applications such as shaft
Decimal...

...The binary numeral system, or base-2 number system, represents numeric values using two symbols, 0 and 1. More specifically, the usual base-2 system is a positional notation with a radix of 2. Because of its straightforward implementation in digital electronic circuitry using logic gates, the binary system is used internally by almost all modern computers.
Why Computers Use BinaryBinary numbers – seen as strings of 0's and...