chapter 3 Social, Moral and Emotional Development
Study Guide and Homework.
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-play that is much like parallel play but with increased levels of interaction in the form of sharing, turn-taking, and general interest in what others are doing
autonomous morality- in piaget's theory of moral development, the stage at whcih a person understands that people make rules and that punishments are not automoatic.
conventional level of morality –Stages 3 and 4 in Kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning, in which individual make moral judgment in consideration of others.
cooperative play- Play in which children join together to achieve a common goal.
foreclosure-An adolescent premature establishment of an identity based on parental choice, rather than his her own desires.
- In Piaget’s theory of moral development, the stage at which children think that rules are unchangeable and that breaking rules leas them automatically to punishment.
Identity achievement- A state of consolidation reflecting conscious, clear- cut decisions concerning occupation and ideology.
identity diffusion- Inability to develop a clear direction or sense of self.
moral dilemmas- In Kohlberg theory of moral reasoning, hypothetical situations that require a person t consider values of right and wrong.
moratorium- Experimentation with occupational and ideological choices without definite commitment.
parallel play- Play in which children engage in the same activity side by side but with very little interaction or mutual influence.
peers 62-People who are equal in age or status.
postconventional level of morality- Stages 5 and 6 in kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning, in which individuals make moral reasoning, in which individuals make moral judgements in relation to abstract principles.
preconventional level of morality- Stages 1 and 2, in which individuals make moral judgements in their own interests.
prosocial behaviors –Actions that show respect and caring for others.
psychosocial crisis- According to Erikson, the set of critical issues that individuals must address as they pass through each of the eight life stages.
psychosocial theory-A set of principles that relates social environment to psychosocial development.
- developmental stage at which a person becomes capable of reproduction.
reflectivity- The tendency to analyze oneself and one’s own thoughts.
self-concept –A person’s perception of his or her own strengths, weaknesses, abilities, attitudes, and values.
self-esteem- The value each of us places on our own characteristics, abilities, and behaviors.
social comparison- The process of comparing oneself to others to gather information and to evaluate and jufge one’s abilities, attitudes, and conduct. solitary play- Play that occurs alone.
1 - What Are Some Views of Personal and Social Development?
Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
Implications and Criticisms of Erikson’s Theory
2 - What Are Some Views of Moral Development?
Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Reasoning
Criticisms of Kohlberg’s Theory
3 - How Do Children Develop Socially and Emotionally?
Socioemotional Development During the Preschool Years
Socioemotional Development During the Elementary Years
Socioemotional Development During the Middle School and High School Years
SOCIAL, MORAL, AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Understanding personal and social development of students at various ages is critical to your ability to: A)
All of above
None of the above
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