The different ways a person reacts to in different situations and interacts with others. Most of the times we measure personality in traits a person displays. Measuring personalities has been done in the past by various people. The Big Five are broad dimensions or categories in a hierarchical sense, such that they encompass a lot without detail. We lose information, and while the Big Five factors provide useful personality descriptors they are somewhat less useful at predicting specific behaviors. So a researcher chooses a hierarchical level of analysis suited to the research being conducted. Some researchers such as Norman, Goldberg and Costa and McCrae, have developed middle level categories that provide more description or are less abstract. The Big Five" model is a personality theory that describes personality using five basic traits.
A personality test is a structured technique used to generate a sample of behavior. This sample is then used to make inferences about the attributes of people who have been tested. Tests measure several aspects of a person, from intelligence, abilities, and interests to aspects like self esteem and emotional stability. The personality test measures aspects of individual which differentiate them from others and makes them unique. They also permit a comparison between individuals.
A test is based on research and theories. They are valid and reliable and standardized. The managers use these tests through surveys and this helps them choose people while hiring. There are three main ways of measuring personality:
1. Self report surveys
2. Observer-ratings survey
3. Projective measures
BIG FIVE PERSONALITY FACTORS
Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism make up this theory, an easy way to remember this is with the acronym OCEAN. The five big personality tests measure intensity of your behaviors in these five areas. Descriptions of these... [continues]
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