Reading book brings us many optimistic experiences. When we read good type of books we will automatically relate it with our own life. Sometimes, to some extend that we feel the emotions engross especially portrayed by the characters. We become expressively involved with the problems that they work through. There are a lot of positive as well as negative emotions and experiences supplied by reading and it lead us with new perception, generate new thinking skill, provide good environment and also offer us with a fresh insight. At the end, it will give a better understanding in regarding some problems or issues which related to us. There are many studies have been done and prove that by reading people become more motivated. Further studies bring to the fact of children are the majority who concerned most. According to the Journal of Pediatric Health Care (2004), Reading to children is central to their development.
Books provide a safe medium for children to explore
different concepts, feelings, and attitudes while allowing them to better understand their environment, community,
and social expectations. Reading to children also
increases self-esteem, gives comfort, and
may help children in coping with difficult situations.
1.1 DEFINITION OF BIBLIOTHERAPHY
Bibliotheraphy is defined as the use of books in order to help people cope with emotional problems, mental illness or changes in their lives (Pardeck, 1994); Thibault (2004) adds that the key to bibliotherapy is using the story as a way to begin a discussion of issues and should be used as a substitute for dealing with problems. Thus, bibliotheraphy means a way of treating people who emotionally disorders by using books. Although the concept of bibliotheraphy has been identified years before, it is not been applied to children until almost half a century later in 1946 (Myracle). The effectiveness of bibliotheraphy however depends on the children’s concern like problem, environment state or social life as well as the situation on how the bibliotheraphy is used. 1.2 DEFINITION OF CHILDREN’S CONCERN
The term of children’s concern is very associated with bibliotheraphy. UN Convention of the Rights of the Child defines child as every human being below the age of 18 years. According to Dawes (1987:28), a child includes any persons under the age of eighteen who have not had adult status legally conferred on them and who thus qualify for certain special provisions within Common Law, the Criminal Procedures Act 51 of 1977 and the Child Act 74 of 1983. The definition of the United Nations states …”[The]child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including legal protection” (1992:119). Thus, child means a man who yet not reaches the puberty and undergone stage of developmental. While, from Longman Dictionary, concern means a feeling of worry about something important. Children’s concern brings the meaning of children’s state in term of psychological and emotional distraction. In order to deal with the children’s concern, teachers or adults will have to know their children with heart. Then, the bibliotherapy treatment can be applied.
2.0 WAYS OF USING BIBLIOTHERAPHY AS A TOOL OF HEALING
2.1 THE CHILDREN’S CONCERN ON DEPRESSION
Bibliotheraphy is a beneficial approach to use when dealing with children. Generally, bibliotheraphy can help children in many ways like when they are facing depression because of parents’ separation. Children sometimes do not understand all changes occur in their life, causing them to feel depress and develop fears. So, teachers should take actions in regarding this matter. As the example, teachers first need to identify children who are encountering problem. It is the first step in helping the children using bibliotheraphy approach. Afterwards, teachers will find suitable appropriate materials like book, poem, drama and many others. The teachers can carry out...