Bibliology: New Testament and God

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Dissertation: Biblical aspect of Bibliology
Bibliology, as most Christians know, is the study of the Bible, which is God’s word. The word “Bible” comes from the Greek word biblion, which means book. The original writings were prepared on papyrus, which was a plant that was cut into strips and dried. The word “Scriptures" comes from the Greek word graphe, which means writings. The idea of “Scripture” saying something is presented to us in the Bible, and is equivalent to God speaking. The Bible was written over a one thousand and five hundred year period, written by more than forty authors, written on three continents (Asia, Africa, Europe), and written in three languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek). The Bible is an inspired source of knowledge about God, Jesus Christ, salvation, and eternity. The Bible being inspired means that it was breathed or spoken by God, and written by other authors that God influenced. In the scripture Psalm 12:6 it states, “The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.” As Christians we believe that everything that the Bible teaches is true and while we do not have the original manuscripts, we have multiple excellent copies dating back to within a century or so of the life of Christ. The Bible is free of error and flaw and contains no contradictions; it is perfect. Additionally, the Bible is the ultimate rule of faith and practice; traditional Christianity flows from acceptance of the Bible as the inspired word of God since all doctrine is based on the clear teaching of Scripture.

As Christians, we follow and live by the Holy Bible. We believe that only sixty-six books are canonical and those are the books that we read in the New Testament and the Old Testament. All of the scriptures found in the Bible had to go through something called a test of canonicity. There were six tests that were used to make sure that only the books put in the Bible were purely God breathed and had no fleshly qualities. The first test of canonicity was divine authorship. Is the book inspired? Did God give it through men, or did it come from men and their efforts alone? Next is the test of human authorship. This does not mean, "Was it edited or written by a human." Obviously some man was involved in its writing. But the kind of person who wrote it is the main issue in this test of canonicity. The third test relates to authenticity. Being authentic is basically asking is it true? When we talk about the canon of Scripture we talk about the standard of what is true in the Bible. Included in the need for truthfulness is the need for true historical accuracy. This relates to the historicity of the record. Is it a record of things that actually happened? The fourth test of canonicity is the test of genuineness. Did it truly come from the author that claims to have written it? Are there logical reasons to doubt that the stated author truly wrote the book? If there were indeed these reasons, the divine authorship of the book would be in doubt. One book that created a problem for the early church was the book of Hebrews. The problem with this book was that it has no stated author. Ultimately, it was decided that even though there was no author, the material was necessary because certain Scripture would be incomplete without it. Therefore, it was included in the canon and is part of our Bible today. The fifth test of canonicity relates to testimony. Testimony involves the witness of the Jewish and early Christian church, as well as the later Christian church. It was important for it to be included in the ancient versions of the Bible. Books that did not have universal authority of the early and later church were not considered biblical. The Apocrypha was one collection of books that did not have universal acceptance of the early church. The final test of canonicity was its ability to edify. The word “edify” means to bless or to build up. It is obvious that every part of...
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