Biblical Principles of Church Planting
Submitted to Dr. Homer Massey
In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Course
9 March 2012
Hesselgrave, David J., Planting Churches Cross-Culturally: North America and Beyond, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Publishing Group, 2000. Author Information
Dr. David J. Hesselgrave is retired as professor of mission and director of the School of World Mission at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. He is a past president of the Evangelical Missiological Society and is author of Theology and Mission and Dynamic Religious Movements. (Backcover) From the University of Minnesota, he earned his Doctor of Philosophy in rhetoric and public address with an emphasis in cross-cultural communication.  He also has a Master of Arts in speech and the Bachelor of Arts in philosophy as well as his diploma from Trinity Theological Seminary.  He has numerous articles, books and multimedia presentations. Just to name a few, His books include Communicating Christ Cross-Culturally (Zondervan 1978); Contextualization-Meanings, Methods, and Models (with Edwards Rommen, Baker 1989).  Content Summary
It is clear that Dr. Hesselgrave main objective was to demonstrate Apostle Paul’s exemplary church-planting cycle (pg. 47) which is a ten-step process that began and ended with the commissioning of missionaries (pg. 50) Dr. Hesselgrave wants the reader to understand that in order to be have an influential missionizing and evangelizing, the key is to make conscientious decisions along with being prayerful in your plans and strategies. (pg. 50) Paul tells us that we are not to move forward with any type of plan until we have sought guidance from the Holy Spirit (pg. 44) in order to plant churches is three generalized areas: within common cultures of North America (ME-1[pg. 28]), within cross-cultural areas in North America (ME-2 [pg. 28]) and within cross-cultural areas throughout the world (ME-3 [pg. 29]).
In the writing of his book, Dr. Hesselgrave breaks it down into five parts: Part 1-the Christian and the Christian Mission; Part 2-the Christian Leader and the Christian Mission; Part 3-the Sending Church and the Christian Mission; Part-4 the Emergning Church and the Chrisian Mission; and Part 5-the Sending Church and the Christian Mission (Continued). With the assistance of the Paul’s strategy and methodology, Dr. Hesselgrave places in motion the ten steps of Paul’s church-planting ministries which are: Missionaries Commissioned, Audience contacted, Gospel Communicated, Hearers Converted, Believers Congregated, Fatih Confirmed, Leadership Consecrated, Believers Commended, Relationships Continued, and Sending Churches Convened. (pp. 47-48)
What Dr. Hesselgrave wants the reader to understand is that within this cycle, it begins with missionaries commissioned and ends with sending churches convened, and with this in mind, he wants to relay to the reader that there is only one target church (pg. 50). Although the target church may have arrived at step nine, it is mandatory that step ten (sending churches convened) ties in with the first step (missionaries commissioned) and the process begins again. Not only is this ten step process essential for the newly planted churches, but it can be a key asset for those currently in existence. It will show where the seasoned church where they are now and where they need assistance in areas that are presently not working.
As the reader peruses through Dr. Hesselgrave’s book, he expounds upon each of the ten steps of the Pauline Cycle, from chapter 8 to chapter 17. He remains committed to sharing the information and the objectives of each with practicial applications. Witin each of the applicative sections, he present...