Summary: Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament
A good deal of the Bible specially the Old Testament can seem unconventional to most readers of today’s world. On the other hand, as people began to comprehend how the ancient people viewed the world, the Old Testament becomes more clearly a book that stands within its ancient context, while also speaking against it. In the introduction John Walton gives a thoughtful introduction to ancient Near Eastern literature, and what the book provides for understanding the world of ancient Israel. John checked out many different types of literature, and he considered all of the perspectives the literature offered on beliefs about gods, religion, the cosmos, people and history. Walton states that there are “three important roles that comparative studies can play in biblical interpretation: critical analysis, defense of the biblical text, and exegesis (John, ed.)”. John gives an excellent introduction to the field of comparative studies. This book will be an important guide for all those who want to make use of extra biblical resources to develop their understanding of ancient Israel and its Scriptures. The book Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament has five parts. Part one of the book introduces Comparative Studies, and this section gives the reader a necessary background needed to study Ancient Near Eastern Thought. Chapter one discusses the history and methods surrounding this study, and the second chapter addresses the differences involving the methods of critical scholars, confession scholars, and the differing thoughts within each of these positions.
Part two informs the reader about the Literature of the Ancient Near East. Part two also summarizes the majority of important Ancient Near Eastern texts that have been characterized as Myths, Literary Texts, Epics, Ritual Texts, and more characterizations. Part two proves incredibly beneficial as a tool for referencing when...
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