Bhopal Gas Tragedy

Topics: Bhopal disaster, Bhopal, Union Carbide Pages: 8 (2518 words) Published: July 17, 2013
According to many, Bhopal is the site of the greatest industrial disaster in history. The Disaster at Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) plant on early morning of 3 rd
Dec’1984, released 40 tons of poisonous methyl isocyanate 1
gas from its pesticide plantin Bhopal. The aftermath of the disaster left 15,000 dead, numerous ill, with a pollutedenvironment that is yet to recover. Even after two decades, telltale signs of the disaster were evident. The victims of the disaster were yet to receive their compensationpackage and medical help from the company.This was an industrial disaster with a complexity of violations of civil, political, economicand social rights carried over a period of twenty years which necessarily demanded ahumanitarian approach and called for corporate social responsibility (CSR) 2

.-------------------------------------------------------------- The Bhopal gas tragedy on the night of 3 December, 1984, killed 15,274 people. But those who were yet to be born, were left with a life worse than death. No compensation yet:

On the night of December 3, 1984, three uniformed men stood tall to ensure that the maximum people could be saved from the world's worst industrial disaster. The poisonous methyl isocyanate gas left them with nausea, suffocation and red, watering eyes. But they had not a thought to spare for themselves - or their families back home. All three survived - but their health complications continue. And to add insult to injury, none of them were given any compensation, let alone recognition. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bhopal gas tragedy: 8 found guilty, get bail

The seven Indian Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL) officials convicted in the 26-year-old Bhopal gas tragedy case have been granted bail and released on submission of a surety of Rs 25,000 by a trial court in Bhopal, according to a Times Now report.

Earlier on Monday, eight accused, one of whom is deceased, were sentenced to two years in prison for causing death due to negligence. The Magistrate court in Bhopal on Monday convicted all eight Indians accused in the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy case. A Rs 500,000 fine has been imposed on UCIL. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bhopal gas leak: Each victim has got around Rs 12000

What is the Bhopal Gas Disaster?

The world's worst ever industrial disaster took place on the night of 2-3 December 1984, when a tank full of deadly methyl isocyanate gas exploded in a fertilizer plant owned by UCIL. Over 40,000 kg of the toxic, colorless gas wafted over the sleeping city. People who breathed the gas suffered symptoms ranging from suffocation, blindness and vomiting to spontaneous abortions, lung, kidney, liver and brain damage. Initially, nearly 4,000 people died and over a lakh suffered injuries. Latest estimates put number of deaths at over 20,000 and injured at nearly 6 lakh.

Could the disaster have been prevented?

Investigations have shown that a series of negligent decisions by the management led to the explosion. The highly reactive gas is supposed to be kept at temperatures below 5°C, under pressure. However, the refrigeration system had been shut down since June 1984. The tank and valves that regulate gas flow were also defective. There was no safety system in place. There was no warning system for localities surrounding the factory. Lessons had not been drawn from earlier accidents in the same plant. It appears that the management cut corners to save costs.

Have the victims been properly compensated?

On 14 February 1989, SC announced that it had approved a settlement between the Central government and Union Carbide settling all compensation claims and criminal matters. Under this deal, Carbide paid Rs 713 crore as compensation. Of this, Rs 113 crore was paid to those with damage to property or cattle deaths. The remaining...
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