Bhagat Singh

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Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh was a freedom fighter and one of the most famous revolutionaries of Indian Independence Movement. It is also believed that he was one of the earliest Marxists in India. Bhagat Singh was born in a family that was actively involved in revolutionary activities against the British rule in the country. The name given to Bhagat Singh meant `devotee`. `Arya Samaj` had a huge impact on the life of Bhagat Singh`s father Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu. His uncles as well as his father were all part of the `Ghadar Party` that was led by Kartar Singh Sarabha. Bhagat Singh`s mentor was Kartar Singh Sarabha, who was a freedom fighter of the country.

Early Life of Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was born on 27th September, 1907 into a Sandhu family in Khatkar Kalan village in Lyallpur district of Punjab. The Jalianwalabagh Massacre, which took place in Punjab in 1919, had a deep impact on the mind of young Bhagat Singh. In the year 1920, Mahatma Gandhi started the Non Cooperation Movement. Bhagat Singh at that time was of 13 years and he became an active participant with a great hope that this movement would bring freedom to the country. But he was really disappointed with Gandhiji`s decision to call off this movement following the `Chauri Chaura` riot in the year 1922. Further, Bhagat Singh challenged the British rule and followed the wishes of Mahatma Gandhi by burning his government-school books and imported clothes.

Bhagat Singh in his early age read a lot of literature and poetries especially written by Punjabi writers. Allama Iqbal from Sialkot, who was also a freedom fighter, was Bhagat Singh`s favourite poet. By winning an essay competition that was organised by Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in 1923, young Bhagat Singh attracted the attention of the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. Initially, Bhagat Singh studied at the National College in Lahore. But after some time, he ran away from his home in order to escape early marriage.

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