Bhagat Singh

Topics: Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Singh Sukha, Punjab region Pages: 7 (2722 words) Published: November 5, 2012
Bhagat Singh
In 1923, Singh joined the National College in Lahore, where he not only excelled in academics but also in extra-curricular activities.[3] He was a participant of the dramatics society in the college.[3] By this time, he was fluent in Hindi, English, Urdu, Punjabi and Sanskrit languages.[3][26][27] In 1923, Singh won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. In his essay on Punjab's Language and Script, he quoted Punjabi literature and showed a deep understanding of the problems of afflicting Punjab.[3] He joined the Indian nationalist youth organisation Naujawan Bharat Sabha (Hindi: "Youth Society of India") along with his fellow revolutionaries, and became popular in the organisation.[7] He also joined the Hindustan Republican Association,[25] which had prominent leaders, such as Ram Prasad Bismil, Chandrashekhar Azad and Ashfaqulla Khan. The name of the organisation was changed to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association at Singh's insistence.[8] A year later, to avoid getting married by his family, Singh ran away from his house to Cawnpore.[3] In a letter he left behind, he stated: After killing Saunders, the group escaped through the D.A.V. College entrance, across the road.[35] Chanan Singh, a Head Constable who was chasing them, was fatally injured by Chandrashekhar Azad's covering fire.[35][37] They then fled on bicycles to pre-arranged places of safety.[35][38] The police launched a massive search operation to catch the culprits and blocked all exits and entrances[35][38] from the city; the CID kept a watch on all young men leaving Lahore.[35][38] They hid for the next two days.[35][38] On 19 December 1928, Sukhdev called on Durga Devi Vohra, their friend Bhagwati Charan Vohra's wife, for help, which she agreed to do.[35][38] They decided to catch the train departing from Lahore for Howrah (en route to Bathinda) early the next morning.[35][38] To avoid recognition, Singh shaved off his beard and cut his hair short.[39] They left the house early the next morning. Dressed in a Western attire, Singh carried Vohra's sleeping child on his shoulder.[35][38] Singh and Vohra passed off as a young couple with a child, while Rajguru carried their luggage as their servant. At the station, Singh, managed to conceal his identity, and bought three tickets to Cawnpore — two first class tickets for Vohra and himself, and a third class one for Rajguru.[35][38] Both men had loaded revolvers with them to deal with any unanticipated incident.[35][38] They avoided raising the suspicions of the police and boarded the train.[39] Breaking journey at Cawnpore, they boarded a train for Lucknow since the CID at Howrah railway station usually scrutinised passengers on the direct train from Lahore.[35][38] At Lucknow, Rajguru left separately for Benares while Singh, Vohra and the infant went to Howrah, with all except Singh returning to Lahore a few days later.[35][40][41][42] 1929 Assembly bomb throwing incident

To subdue the rise of revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh in the country, the British government decided to implement the Defence of India Act 1915, which gave the police a free hand.[43] Influenced by a French anarchist who bombed the French Chamber of Deputies,[44] Singh proposed to the HSRA his plan to explode a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly, which was agreed to. Initially it was decided that Batukeshwar Dutt and Sukhdev would plant the bomb while Bhagat Singh would travel to the USSR.[44] However later the plan was changed. He entrusted Dutt to plant the bomb.[44] On 8 April 1929, Singh and Dutt threw two bombs inside the assembly rushing from Visitor's Gallery. The smoke from the bomb filled the Hall and they shouted slogans of "Inquilab Zindabad!" (Hindi-Urdu: "Long Live the Revolution!") and showered leaflets.[45][46][47] The leaflet claimed that the act was done to oppose the Trade Disputes and the Public Safety Bill being presented in the Central Assembly and the death of Lala...
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