Bhagat Sing

Topics: Bhagat Singh, Indian independence movement, Revolutionary movement for Indian independence Pages: 11 (3996 words) Published: March 9, 2011
Bhagat Singh
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Bhagat Singh
ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ
بھگت سنگھ

Bhagat Singh in prison
Born28 September 1907
Lyallpur, Punjab, British India
Died23 March 1931[1][2] (age 23)
Lahore, Punjab, British India
OrganizationNaujawan Bharat Sabha,
Kirti Kissan Party,
Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Influenced byAnarchism, Communism, Socialism
Political movementIndian Independence movement
ReligionSikhism (early life), Atheism[3][4][5][6][7][8] (later life) Bhagat Singh (Punjabi: ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ بھگت سنگھ, [pə̀ɡət̪ sɪ́ŋɡ]) (28 September 1907[9] – 23 March 1931[2][1] ) was an Indian freedom fighter, considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh (the word shaheed meaning "martyr"). Born to a Jat[10] Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj, Singh, as a teenager, became an atheist and had studied European revolutionary movements. He also became attracted to anarchism and marxist ideologies.[11] He became involved in numerous revolutionary organizations. He quickly rose through the ranks of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and became one of its leaders, converting it to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Singh gained support when he underwent a 64-day fast in jail, demanding equal rights for Indian and British political prisoners.[12] He was hanged for shooting a police officer in response to the killing of veteran freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai. His legacy prompted youth in India to begin fighting for Indian independence and contributed to the rise of socialism in India.[13] Contents

1 Early life
2 Later revolutionary activities
2.1 Lala Lajpat Rai's death and the Saunders murder
2.2 Bomb in the assembly
2.3 Trial and execution
3 Ideals and opinions
3.1 Anarchism
3.2 Marxism
3.3 Atheism
3.4 Death
4 Controversy
4.1 Last wish
4.2 Conspiracy theories
4.2.1 Mahatma Gandhi
4.2.2 Saunders family
5 Legacy
5.1 Indian independence movement
5.2 Modern day
6 Criticism
7 Quotations
8 See also
9 References
10 External links
[edit]Early life

Bhagat Singh's ancestral home.
Bhagat Singh was born into a Sandhu Jatt[11] family to Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu and Vidyavati in the Khatkar Kalan village near Banga in the Lyallpur district of Punjab.[14] Singh's given name of Bhagat means "devotee", and he was nicknamed "Bhaganwala" by his grandmother, meaning "The lucky one".[15] He came from a patriotic Jatt Sikh family, some of whom had participated in movements supporting the independence of India and others who had served in Maharaja Ranjit Singh's army.[16] His grandfather, Arjun Singh, was a follower of Swami Dayananda Saraswati's Hindu reformist movement, Arya Samaj,[17] which would carry a heavy influence on Singh. His uncles, Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh, as well as his father were members of the Ghadar Party, led by Kartar Singh Sarabha Grewal and Har Dayal. Ajit Singh was forced to flee to Persia because of pending cases against him while Swaran Singh was hanged on 19 December 1927 for his involvement in the Kakori train robbery of 1925.[18] Unlike many Sikhs his age, Singh did not attend Khalsa High School in Lahore, because his grandfather did not approve of the school officials' loyalism to the British authorities.[19] Instead, his father enrolled him in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, an Arya Samajist school.[20] At age 13, Singh began to follow Mahatma Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement. At this point he had openly defied the British and had followed Gandhi's wishes by burning his government-school books and any British-imported clothing. Following Gandhi's withdrawal of the movement after the violent murders of policemen by villagers from Chauri Chaura, Uttar Pradesh, Singh, disgruntled with Gandhi's nonviolence action, joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began advocating a...
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