* Identifies and examines why individuals give different meanings to health * Explains how a range of health behaviors affect an individual’s health * Describes how an individual’s health is determined by a range of factors * Evaluates aspects of health over which individuals can exert some control * Describes factors that contribute to effective health promotion * Proposes actions that can improve and maintain an individual’s health * Forms opinions about health-promoting actions based on a critical examination of relevant information * Uses a range of sources to draw conclusions about health and physical activity concepts
Meanings of Health
* Definitions of health
* Dimensions of health
* Relative and dynamic nature of health
Definitions of health:There are many interpretations of what ‘health’ means. The W.H.O. originally defined health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease.The concept of heath is diverse and means different things to different people. This diversity can be recognized by considering the different meanings of health that have developed over time.Early meanings of health, it was generally viewed as the opposite of illness. This view of health suggested that if one is ill, medicine, drugs and doctors were able to return you in a healthy state. World Health Organization’s definition of health, ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. A weakness of this definition is that it fails to acknowledge that a person’s state of health is always changing.| Dimensions of health:A person’s level of health is the result of an interaction between different dimensions. A balance between all four dimensions is essential to produce general well-being and satisfaction. Physical health – the wellness of the body and the absence of chronic pain or discomfort. It is largely determined by lifestyle and behaviour. People who are physically healthy are generally free of chronic pain or discomfort. BODILY FUNCTION. NUTRITIONAL STATUS. FITNESS. RESISTANCE TO DISEASE.Social health – the ability to interact with other people in an interdependent and cooperative way. The social and communication skills and abilities we display.COMMUNICATINO SKILLS. INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS.Mental health – or emotional health is a state of well being where we can realize our abilities, cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively and make a contribution to the community.FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS. ADAPTIONS. DECISION-MAKING SKILLS.Spiritual health – relates to a sense of purpose and meaning in our life, and to feeling connected with others and society. Ideals, values, morals and aspirations are factors that influence our spiritual health.PURPOSE. MEANING. CONNECTEDNESS. | Relative and dynamic nature of health:The relative nature of health refers to how we judge our health compared to other people or other points of time in our life. The dynamic nature of health refers to the constant fluctuations that occur in our level of health. Judging where we are along the health continuum at any point is highly subjective as people see health in different ways, have different perceptions about what is optimal or ‘normal’.|
Perceptions of health
* Personal perceptions of health
* Perceptions of health of others
* Implications of different perceptions of health
* Perceptions of health as social constructs
* Impact of the media, peers and family
People’s perceptions of health can be highly subjective.
Perception refers to the way something is seen or viewed by an individual or group.
Personal perceptions of health
* Highly subjective
* Most likely be based on what we have learned about health, along with our own experiences or on those of people we know. * Influenced by a range of factors, including:...