“Whoever possesses Berlin Possesses Germany and whoever controls Germany controls Europe”, Carl Marx. World War II left Germany split in two. The East became a communist country and the West was a democratic nation. Berlin, the capital of Germany, was also split in two. Up until the Cold War, those from East and West Berlin could travel freely in. The mental barrier did not stop people from migrating from East Germany to West Germany. Therefore the East side of Germany wanted a physical barrier. The major effects of Khrushchev and Ulbricht’s plan to overtake Germany are, the Berlin Wall, friends and family were separated, and those from the East and West could not travel freely with in Berlin. This can be shown by examining the research of, The Berlin Wall (Anne Marie Hacht and Dwayne D. Hayes), Berlin Wall History, The Berlin Wall Is Built, August 13, 1961, The Berlin Wall Falls, November 9, 1989, and social Effects of Berlin Wall.
The Berlin Wall was constructed under the influence of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and East German leader Walter Ulbricht. At the end of World War II the United States, the Soviet Union, France, and Great Britain divided Germany and took control as a whole, and Berlin as the capital. The Russian Government soon began to block roads and trains, to starve West Berlin in attempt to ruin the influence they had. “The Berlin Wall stood tall and daunting for 28 long years. It broke in two the city railway, the underground railway and streets”, Berlin Wall History. This soon led to the Berlin Airlift. For months the United States supplied food and necessities so West Berlin would not give into the Soviets.
Neither the United States, nor the Soviet Union, was willing to leave each other under full control of Germany. This was the beginning of West and East Berlin; the United States controlled the West and the Soviet Union controlled the East. Although half of Berlin was under Western control the Soviets still surrounded Berlin....
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