The Berlin Wall
(From August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989)
The Berlin Wall was the instrument of the communist government to repress, censor and control the access to information in East Berlin. It was the separation between democracy and Communism during the Cold War. Since the city of Berlin had been taken by the Soviet Union, West Berlin became of democratic while the East was ruled by Communism. Within a short period of time after the war, the living conditions in West and East Germany became very different. With the help and support of its occupying powers, West Germany (who was supported by U.S.A, France and the U.K.) experienced a quick growth of economy. In East Germany, the economy wasn’t doing well and their individual freedoms were restricted. (“Since the Soviet Union had viewed their zone as a spoil of war; the Soviets pilfered factory equipment and other valuable assets from their zone and shipped them back to the Soviet Union.” Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/programs/the-wall/, 04/02/2013) By the late 1950s, many people living in East Germany wanted out. No longer able to stand the hard living conditions of East Germany people started emigrating to the West. By1960, East Germany was losing its population and therefore their economy was decreasing. (“East Germany had lost 2.5 million people by 1961”. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/programs/the-wall/, 04/02/2013). Desperate to keep its citizens, East Germany decided to build a wall to prevent them from crossing the border.
Lots of people were affected, Hundreds lost their jobs and some could no longer see their loved ones. For example in the movie “Good bye Lenin”, Alex and her sister could no longer see their father who has gone to the West side to keep his job. Their mother had a decision to make, to leave or to stay. Therefore they thought their father had abandoned them, which in the end wasn’t the case but it demonstrates how the Berlin wall was a...