Case Study #2
The three-year old Donner Company has positioned itself well within both the small volume, customized (contract) printed circuit boards market as well as the large volume, generic (captive) printed circuit boards market. Large electronic firms (AT&T, IBM) produced their components in captive shops, while smaller sized companies, or when large and small quantities of simple technology or fast turn-around prototype boards were required, these requests usually are fulfilled by contract shops. With 750 competitors in the US alone, and a market that is volatile, Donner’s ability to anticipate and resolve design problems and prototype techniques enabled it to maintain its competitive edge. However, this competitive edge has been compromised by poor on-time delivery and high rate of product return, in addition to planning and manufacturing problems that caused bottlenecks, shifting bottlenecks and improper utilization of labor. These problems began to hamper the overall performance of the firm, and management started evaluating the company’s position and different strategic policies.
Following is detailed analysis and recommendations by evaluating the current conditions of the company, particularly the following areas:
•Operational and strategic implications of company direction •Labor utilization
•Evaluating the following performance criteria: Quality, Productivity and Delivery.
Following detailed analysis of data, process flow and inventory strategies, my recommendations will be focused on the following opportunities:
1.Changing strategy from current position to one which concentrates on producing only small quantities of fast turn-around SMOBCs.
2.Changing strategy from current position to one which concentrates on producing only large quantities of simple technology boards.
3.Changing strategy from current position to one which concentrates on producing large & small quantities of simple technology boards, through the use of two separate production lines.
Company Objectives and Overview of Problems:
With a company that is managed primarily by engineers, Donner’s core competency was, obviously, its engineering expertise, and it produced specialized circuit boards known as “soldermask over bare copper” (SMOBC) boards. Donner positioned itself to manufacture these boards to small and large electronic firms and management envisioned it as one of the industry leaders. However, in order to achieve this objective, perhaps Donner needed a management that is more business oriented rather than being managed by engineers who don’t necessarily possess the “business sense” to run a firm. Donner employed 22 production employees, managed by 4 senior executives. Please refer to exhibit 1 for Donner’s organizational chart. Operators were cross-trained and able to perform different functions in different departments. This is considered to be a major advantage for a company to have; the ability to deploy employees to perform different functions in different areas (as needed). However, it seemed that there was a lack of effective communication strategy within the organization, as information did not flow properly within the different departments and workers often interrupted their work to discuss issues with the supervisor, deliver completed panels or secure more work from other work stations (low hanging fruits). David Flaherty, shop supervisor, is responsible for all aspects of the manufacturing processes from the time he received the order and blueprint until the order has been completed and shipped. Flaherty is in charge of preparing work schedules, which occurred several days after the raw material has arrived from the vendor (most orders reached him 4 days after customers’ bids had been accepted, which included the time needed by...