In Lord of the Flies by William Golding the different views and beliefs of Ralph and Jack and the need for power in both boys’ segregates the group and the loss of innocence and humanity turns the group away from civilisation and towards Savagery. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm manipulation of society and breakdown of laws and class stratification, demonstrates the workings of a society as a whole and the different groups which cause a society to thrive or fail.
The Crucible tells the story of the Salem witch hunt of 1692 although it was not written and published until 1953 when the suspicion against the communists in America was as its height. Intolerance is a reoccurring theme in the crucible, the town of Salem was a theocracy so when John Proctor and Giles Corey, and others spoke out against the trials in order to defend their wives or themselves this was seen as an attack on the Government and the Church as well as God, Danforth states
“A person is with the court or the must be counted against it there is no road in between”
In Salem if you don’t belong to God you belong to the devil that is seen as responsible for the acts of witchcraft therefore you are seen to be a part of witchcraft. The towns people lack of understanding towards things they perceive as supernatural is blemed on witchcraft so they feel the have a sense of understanding towards it.
The people who were originally accused of witchcraft where the towns outcasts- The people that the majority of the town already had little tolerance for, these people were of the lower most class they were easy to accouse because they couldn’t stand up for themselves. Abigail Williams saw this and used it to her advantage it was not until well respected towns people begun to be accused that the town started to doubt the trials but by then Abigail already had complete power using the courts lack of understanding to influence them, and intimidating the girls and proctor by the things she knows that will blacken their reputation therefore giving her the power to decide who lives and who dies.
Hysteria and suspicion is what allows the towns people to believe their neighbours could have committed the various crimes they were accused of. If the towns people had believed that the first to be accused were innocent, and held no suspicion towards them and understood abigails motives the witch trials may have never happened and the guilt would have returned to Abigail and the girls. The hysteria also allows certain towns people to express repressed feelings and act on past grudges such as Abigail accusing Elizabeth proctor of witchcraft using the poppet as she attempts to have Elizabeth killed so she can be with proctor.
An example of mass hysteria is in the court room is when Miller uses dramatic irony when Abigail and the girls accuse Mary Warren of being a bird and attacking them. Abigail says,
“Oh, please, Mary! Don't come down. Mary, please don't hurt me!”
This is dramatic irony because they know Mary warren is innocent.Abigail is expressing repress feelings about Mry threatening to tell the truth in the beginning and Proctors support toward Mary eventually gives her the confidence to share the truth before turning back on proctor. The only reason hysteria and suspicion thrives is because people benefit from it.
Greed in the crucible mainly revolves...