Belo Monte Case Study

Topics: Sun, Hydroelectricity, Dam Pages: 2 (554 words) Published: March 19, 2013
Geological damage. According to Conservation International Institute, the excavations for the construction of the canal will remove 100 million cubic meters of trees and biomass, enough to fill 40,000 Olympic swimming pools. The dam has a significant impact on the local population – mainly the indigenous people. The consequences of its construction can range from the spread of malaria, caused by the inevitable increase of the mosquito in charge of spreading the disease in the villages to the deprivation of one of the main livelihoods of traditional peoples of the region, since the fish and fauna of the region will be drastically affected by the eutrophication of waters. Belo Monte at the present is illogical since Brazil has plenty of energy load for 20 years. Improving the efficiency of residential and commercial electrical appliances and increasing the efficiency of existing power plants such as through refurbishment of old hydropower plants and combined heat and power could efficiently help the energy problem. The work of reforestation and recovery of ecosystems can reach up to millions. The costs after the construction is done are not being considered in order to minimize the pressure on the government. Therefore the construction is not economically feasible nor sustainable for the country. It’s necessary at least US$ 300 million annually to assure a safe recovery of the destroyed area. Therefore, clearly the government has severely underestimated the budget required to build and recover the dam. The fact of reducing the flood area obviously contributes to produce less environmental damage but it’s still a major problem in the construction. To guarantee a year-round flow of water, the government would need to construct a series of large dams on the Xingu and its tributaries that will gravely impact forests and forest peoples. Over 60 large dams planned to be built in Brazil over the next 20 years = worsens the situation of many Amazonian rivers. Many species...
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