Behaviour in humans and other animals
Giving human characteristics to animals, inanimate objects or natural phenomena is a human trait called anthropomorphism. People who lack social connections with others who feel lonely, may seek out connections from nonhuman items, such as speaking to animals and treating them as human. Animals have the ability to lower human stress levels; simply interacting with an animal creates and endorphin rush in the human body which in result relieves stress. For example, stroking a dog creates a mutual physiological response in both the person and the animal, lowering the stress levels, blood pressure, and heart rate of both. In many domestic animals, as well as other animals, delicate handling and social contact increase the animals resistance to diseases, their growth, feeding and conception rate, and makes them more relaxed and more easily handled. Researchers have discovered that animals see the world differently than humans because their senses are unlike humans, but they do in fact, have and express emotions. If animal and human responses to emotion are so different, then how do humans know that animals are actually showing love in the way they interact with them? It’s been discovered that when horses and dogs are touched by a person which they feel close to, their heart rate drops, which is their own way of showing their affection to the human. Humans unique relationship with animals has developed over time and now is being used as an effective form of therapy and dogs are also used guide dogs for the blind and deaf. Some therapy dogs become so bonded with their owners they can sense if they are going to have a heart attack, before it happens. Animals are now used in treating a wide range of physical and psychological conditions like autism, cancer, adhd, heart problems, aids and more. Animals can increase social and verbal behaviour and can help therapists and patients interact when a connection cannot be made. In cases such as autism, animals have made amazing communication breakthroughs where other kinds of treatment haven’t worked out. Dolphins are very effective in capturing the attention of autistic children. Not only can some animals get the through to humans who are almost completely detached socially, such as the autistic, they can also help those who are socially aggressive such as people with adhd. As previously mentioned, one mammal that is known to form bonds with humans are dolphins, both in the in the wild and in captivity. In the wild, some dolphins have been seen rounding up fish to help fishermen locate where to place their nets for successful fishing. There is also some amazing stories of dolphins coming to the rescue of divers in distress for example that have been attacked by sharks. Humans use words, hand signals, and touch to communicate effectively with dolphins. Chimpanzees are the closest living relatives to humans. However Humans (homo sapiens) are considered to be the superior race. The brain of a chimpanzee has a volume of about 370ml on average and humans have a brain size of roughly 1350mL on average. However brain size is not an indicator of intelligence. Although humans may be seen as superior to chimpanzees, research suggests differently in some circumstances. On BBC News one of the reports quotes ’Chimpanzees have an extraordinary photographic memory that is far superior to ours, research suggests.’ In the report it says that young chimps beat university students in memory tests devised by Japanese scientists. The tasks involved the humans and chimpanzees remembering locations of numbers on a screen, and correctly recalling the sequence. The results of the experiments now suggest humans may have majorly under-estimated the intelligence of their closest living relatives. Until now, it’s always been assumed that chimpanzees couldn’t match humans in memory and other types of mental skills. "There are still many people, including many...
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