Behaviorism, as a theory evolved from around 1930 and fell out of favor around 1960. Here the topic will look at the linear existence of behaviorism in reference to the discipline of psychology, as well as the main influential persons that raised the theory from its infancy to its heights as to the contributions each made. In conclusion, relevance to what is still in use to day as residual as well as what differences have happened: what has changed and what has stayed the same. This investigation of the actual time line in comparison with the various groupings of the base theory as it evolved into various sub-groupings will be looked at particularly.
Behaviorism Time Line and Today's World
To have an idea of the theories involving behaviorism, it becomes crucial to know and understand the vocabulary and background of the terms and theories of the topic being discussed. This is a brief introduction of the theory of behaviorism, as it will be discussed and dissected here in. The evolution of this theory as well as contributions by its various champions will be looked at in a sort of time line to see what has been retained and what has been discarded over time.
Behaviorism is the idea of all learned behaviors find genesis in specific conditioning; and that this conditioning occurs with interaction with the environment (Cherry, 2009). Behaviorism also purports systematic and observable study with little or no consideration of internal mental states (Cherry, 2009). Behaviorism can be broken into two distinct areas, being: classical and operant conditioning (Cherry, 2009).
Classical conditioning consists of pairing a naturally occurring stimulus with a response, followed by the transference of the relationship to a formerly neutral stimulus, thus causing the reaction to the newly transferred stimulus relationship (Goodwin, 2008). Operant conditioning on the other hand consists of the relationship of either a reward or consequence regarding... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2010, 05). Behaviorism Time Line and Today's World. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 05, 2010, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Behaviorism-Time-Line-And-Today-s-World-332752.html
"Behaviorism Time Line and Today's World" StudyMode.com. 05 2010. 05 2010 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Behaviorism-Time-Line-And-Today-s-World-332752.html>.
"Behaviorism Time Line and Today's World." StudyMode.com. 05, 2010. Accessed 05, 2010. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Behaviorism-Time-Line-And-Today-s-World-332752.html.