Behaviorism Research Paper

Topics: Psychology, Behaviorism, Mind Pages: 6 (1992 words) Published: May 25, 2013

Behaviorism is not the thought that counts

Behaviorism was the third school of thought that manifested in the year of 1913 mainly because of the Structuralisms and Functionalists’ mindset that introspection and mind/consciousness was the main reason on how our minds work mechanically. One of the main persons responsible for the Behaviorism movement was John B. Watson who felt a need to restructure Psychology into a scientific psychology on the basis that behavior could be observed through stimulus and response methods and could be proven by experiments. Other schools of thought felt strong about the consciousness influenced our behavior as well and how we thought and with the help of Behaviorism and its theorists it changed how theorist saw Psychology as well as improved it.

Behaviorism started off very definitely and consciously as a "school," opposed to the supposedly dominant school of structuralism, and to functionalism as represented by William James and the Chicago group (Woodworth, 1948). The debate of how Psychology was of the conscious mind functioned and how it was measured scientifically was the reason behaviorism was introduced as a new school of thought. Behaviorism began in the late 1800’s mostly due to the rebuttal of Structuralism’s Introspection and Functionalist’s Mind, Soul and Consciousness theories in regards to how the brain psychology. It was not observed nor was it able to be recorded scientifically. Behaviorists disagreed with these two schools of thoughts because if there was a behavior that was the result of the situation that behavior could be recorded and well as conditioned and if experimented the results would always come out the same because the brain was considered a machine and given the situation would always behave the same way because of the environment.

Animal Psychology was the beginnings of Behavioral Psychology despite the protest that humans being were not the same. Individual behavior of action regardless of animal or human beings had the same basic instinct in situations and it was considered animalistic and when placed in an environment where behavior was recorded then the basic reaction would be recorded and be similar to each other. There were many contributors that helped develop Behaviorism and these psychologists-physiologists inputted their theories and experimental data of the observance of animal behavior. Many believe that the reaction in animal behavior was involuntary more like a reaction/reflex to the situation placed in and that their observable behavior the direct result of the automatic response given to the stimulus.

In certain situations it seemed that consciousness would still play a role in behavior however it wasn’t consciousness that was the driving force. Behaviorists had to find a way to separate the consciousness from the study of animals to prove that it was not the internal mind thought process or consciousness that drove the outcome of a specific behavior. There were laboratories set up to study animals and the study of animals which later became known as Comparative Psychology in where the animal’s behavior would be the basis of studying human behavior. It was difficult to continue Comparative psychology because it did not have many supporters in the early 1900’s and many animal psychologists could not find employment to continue their experiments.

During the early 1900’s many Psychologists set out to prove that behavior was different in Germany than mental or conscious theories, the American Psychologists were also trying to experiment on human subjects but were not allowed to because it was against the rules worldwide. Despite the fact that it studies in animals grew and since animals were compared the same as human behavior , animal psychologists set out to compare their findings to prove their point and continued to study...
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