Behavior theory is becoming more and more popular because of the emphasis this approach places on teaching self management skills to better control a persons life, all without continued therapy. A basic assumption of behavioral perspective is that all problematic behaviors, conditions and emotions have already been learned. Thus they can be modified by simply learning new behaviors. Students are taught to how to develop new perspectives of learning. Students are encouraged to try new behaviors that will generate a positive outcome over negative learned behaviors.
Key concepts of this theory are 1) conducting and exploring behavioral assessment. 2) Creating a treatment goal that is specific to a problem behavior. 3) Creating a specific treatment appropriate to a particular problem. 4) Being able to evaluate the outcome of therapy objectively.
The first stage of Behavioral Assessment consists of gathering information that will guide to a well tailored treatment plan. From that comes the focus on the current conditions that the student is facing. After there is to be a sample of the students behavior to provide information about how the student typically functions. In various situations. These are to be narrowly focused and must be integral and continuous during treatment. There must be a goal if this is to be considered a success. That goal must be precise. One must be very clear if one is to expect a behavioral change. There must also be a way to monitor the behavior you are looking to see change in. There must also be an open line of communication that allows for both positive and negative feedback. There must also be an effective behavior to deal with stress or anger . The treatment plan must be passed on to the student and the actions are in the hands of the student. The most common techniques are modeling, shaping, coaching, feedback and information giving.
After these steps can a student be evaluated objectively. This is the step that is dependant on behavior and student. If there was a timeline set up for a students behavior to change then that must be looked at as well. The lines for clear positive and negative communication must be open. This way both the student and the leader can learn most from the therapy.
The basic idea behind the Psychodynamic views is that behavior is directed by forces within ones personality, often hidden or unconscious. In general psychodynamics is the study of the interrelationship between various parts of the mind. Here the goal is to restructure the students character and personality system. It emphasizes internal impulses, desires, and conflicts mostly that are unconscious.
Key concepts of the Psychodynamic approach are the issues of the past and their effect on current personality functioning. The first six years of life are seen as the root of conflicts within the individual. A common misconception is that it is merely focusing on past events, when it really tries to weave in past and present events for concurrent behaviors. It is important to understand the relationship between past and present as opposed to getting lost in the past. The Unconscious is where Freud made his most significant contributions to understanding behavior. Freud believed that most we are motivated by forces outside the conscious experience. He says our choices are not freely made but rather determined by forces within us. He equated the unconscious to an iceberg, the greater part that is underwater and unseen,...