Johnson believed that by grouping behaviors they could be predicted and ordered. She categorized all human behaviors into eight subsystems. Each subsystem has a specific task, however, the individual is viewed as a whole by virtue of the interdependence of each subsystem (Reynolds and Cormack, 1991). When there is an equal distribution among all eight subsystems then balance and equilibrium can be achieved.
Patient Behavioral Systems - adapted from Dee V and Randell B (1989):
1. Ingestive – Behaviors associated with the intake of needed resources fromthe external environments, including food, fluid, information, objects, for thepurpose of establishing an effective relationship with the environment.
2. Eliminative – Behaviors associated with the release of physical wasteproducts.
3. Affiliative – Behaviors associated with the development and maintenance ofinterpersonal relationships with parents, peers, authority figures.Established a sense of relatedness and belonging with others including attachment behaviors, interpersonal relationships and communication skills.
4. Dependency – Behaviors associated with obtaining assistance from others in the environment for completing tasks and/or emotional supports. Includesseeking of attention, approval, recognition, basic self-care skills andemotional security.
5. Sexual- Behaviors associated with a specific gender identity for the purpose of ensuring pleasure/procreation, and knowledge and behavior being congruent with biological sex.
6. Aggressive-protective – Behaviors associated with real or potential threat in the environment for the purpose of ensuring survival. Protection of self through direct or indirect acts. Identification of potential danger.
7. Achievement – Behaviors associated with mastery of oneself and one’s environment for the purpose of producing a desired effect. Includes problem- solving activities. Knowledge of personal strengths and... [continues]
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