* Behavior therapy is a behavior modification approach to psychotherapy based on learning theory which aims to treat psychopathological problems through techniques designed to reinforce desired and eliminate undesired behaviors * Possibly the first occurrence of the term "behavior therapy" was in a 1953 research project by B.F. Skinner, Ogden Lindsley, Nathan H. Azrin and Harry C. Solomon * Other early pioneers in behaviour therapy include Joseph Wolpe and Hans Eysenck. * 2 main approach in behavior therapy:
* Classical conditioning
* Operant conditioning
* is a form of associative learning that was first demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov (1927) * The typical procedure for inducing classical conditioning involves presentations of a neutral stimulus along with a stimulus of some significance, the "unconditioned stimulus". * The neutral stimulus could be any event that does not result in an overt behavioral response from the organism under investigation. * Conversely, presentation of the significant stimulus necessarily evokes an innate, often reflexive, response. * Pavlov called these the unconditioned stimulus (US) and unconditioned response (UR), respectively. * If the neutral stimulus presented along with the unconditioned stimulus, it would become a conditioned stimulus (CS). * If the CS and the US are repeatedly paired, eventually the two stimuli become associated and the organism begins to produce a behavioral response to the CS. * Pavlov called this the conditioned response (CR).
* There are few types of conditioning which are:
* Forward conditioning: Learning is fastest in forward conditioning. During forward conditioning the onset of the CS precedes the onset of the US. Two common forms of forward conditioning are delay and trace conditioning. * Delay conditioning: In delay conditioning the CS is presented and is overlapped by the presentation...