Problem and Its Background
This chapter covers the introduction, the theories related to it, the conceptual framework, the statement of the problem, its significance to the group of individual, the scope and limitations, and the definition of important terms used in the study.
The study of human behavior is absolutely essential for anyone to cultivate positive relations with others and avoid unnecessary conflict. The study of human behavior needs to be part of any educational curriculum program. The study of human behavior helps one to understand that it’s part of our human nature to make mistakes, that good intentions lead to mishaps and that stuff happens. We’ve got to be cognizant of this knowledge in order to get on with life. And if we are to value positive social relations and getting along with others, then we need to consider the consequences of our actions and behaviors in relation to judging others. It is considered a normal behavioral trait that we humans all have. We usually exhibit these types of symptoms, plus a few more, when we are suddenly taken outside of our own comfort zone. Once we're forced outside of our comfort box, we immediately begin looking for ways to return to the relative safety and comfort of our own little world. First we begin by visualizing the worst and then verbalizing to ourselves, saying things like "why me, No way, I would rather die first, than speak before a group of people." Or am just going to embarrass myself, because I do not have a clue where to start or what to say, these are just a few of the many excuses we will use to retreat with if possible back to our own little space we call our comfort zone, where we are in control again of our non-treating environment. Student misbehavior is one of the most troubling phenomena in education today. Student conduct problems in the classroom not only interfere with teaching and learning but are also thought to be a leading contributor to teacher stress and a precursor to later school dropout. Many districts and schools are aggressively searching for programs to remediate and reform problematic behavior in students. However, to develop successful programs, it is important to understand first what constitutes student misbehavior and second why students behave the way they do.
The framework of this study was base on Kurt Lewin’s Topological and Vectors Theory. Lewin, a cognitive-field theorist came up with his view focused on the psychological field in life span of an individual. His basic premise was that every object exists in a “field of forces’ that move it, change it, define it, or give it a degree of stability and substance. The behavior of an individual at the given moment was the result of the forces operating simultaneously in his life space. Emphasizing that the ideas, expectations, feelings, attitudes and needs of an individual constitute the internal forces while everything in the physical world including other human beings, with which the given forces interact at the given moment constitute the external forces of his life span. Changes in any of these forces are likely to result in changes in behavior.
Furthermore, this study was based on Lev Vygotsky Theory of Human Nature. The theory says that we develop as humans through the ways interact with those around us. He repeatedly stressed the importance of past experiences. He further stressed that all new knowledge and newly introduced skills are greatly influenced by each students and culture, especially their family environment. Development is a result of social learning through internalization of culture and social relationships.
Likewise, this study focused on Theory of Human Development by Erik Erikson. He further explained the interaction between psychological and social forces. He was convinced that human beings are capable of growth throughout their lives. And these changes are guided by the person’s ego,...