Behavior Modification Paper

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Behavior Modification Paper
By: Britni Champagne

Target Behavior:
Decrease or Extinct PTSD and Symptoms

Part I
Target Behavior
The behavior I chose to modify and/or change is my Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). I chose to decrease the duration of symptoms such as nightmares, flashbacks, avoidance, loss of focus, loss of memory, feelings of detachment, arousal, angry outbursts, loss of concentration, and chronic lateness in order to maintain and function on a normal day to day level.

Part II
Reinforcers
Short Term
I will be able to take kaylen to the park if I am able to decrease the amount of symptoms per day. I will go and get my nails done if I am able to decrease the amount of symptoms per day. I will be able to have alone time if I decrease the amount of symptoms per day. I will buy take a night off of work if I decrease the amount of symptoms per day. Long Term

I will go to the cemetery if I am able to accomplish my goal.

Part III
Research
PTSD can be treated using Behavior Therapy, also known as behavior modification Therapy is a psychotherapy that engages the client in identifying objectionable, maladaptive behaviors and replacing them with healthier actions(healmypstd.com). Treatments include Treatment techniques include assertiveness training, systematic desensitization, environment modification, relaxation, exposure and response, positive reinforcement, modeling/observational learning, contingency management, habit reversal training, flooding, operant conditioning, covert conditioning and social skills. Accelerated Resolution Therapy is a form of BT similar to EMDR, which uses desensitization to form new association between the traumatic memories and more adaptive ones. However, ART goes a step further than just desensitizing. Art is all about positization- turning negative images and sensations into positive images and sensations. In ART, the eye movements are thought to be conducive to sorting out problems quickly through increasing the integration of activities in the left and right sides of the brain. These movements also seem to help the client process information by producing a deep feeling of relaxation. Yet ART is not hypnosis. During REM our brains are quite active and the brain waves are similar to those when we are in an awake state. The therapist focuses the client’s thoughts through interventions, most of which are unique to ART, such as Voluntary Memory Replacement / Voluntary Image Replacement (VMR/VIR). These interventions by the therapist actually empower the client. It is the information provided by the clients as they process their problems that leads the clinician in directing the session. (acceleratedresolutiontherapy.com) The two major components of ART include minimizing or eliminating physiological response associated traumatic memories, and re-envisioning painful or disturbing experiences(http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120727102434.htm) It combines evidence based techniques(cognitive behavioral) with time honored approaches(Gestalt among others) to improve outcomes. Many clients see results in the 1st session with their therapist. (truelightonline.com/acceleratedresolutiontherapy)

Part IIII
The subject is a 31 year old female who is a widow with 3 children ages 11, 8, and 19 months old. The subject has recently witnessed the untimely loss of husband of 4 years to a massive heart attack at the age of 31 years of age. Subject is a full time mother and student who is also employed full time. Subject has recently begun receiving counseling after watching personal and professional life deteriorate. Subject selected the target behavior of decreased symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder after being diagnosed with disorder following an emergency session with therapist. Subject had originally selected to decrease symptoms of adult ADD, which took part in leading to the discovery of the PTSD. Subject has been unable to focus on day to...
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