Behavior and Analytic Skills

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Chapter 14 Power and Politics

MULTIPLE CHOICE

A Definition of Power

1.Power can be defined as _____.
a.the ability to influence the behavior of others
b.the actualization of the dependency of others
c.congruence between the goals of the leader and those being led d.downward influence on one’s followers
e.upward influence on one’s leaders
(a; Moderate; Power; p. 451)

2.Which one of the following is not implied in the definition of power? a.influence
b.potential
c.dependency
d.actualization
e.capacity
(d; Moderate; Power; p. 451) {AACSB: Analytic Skills}

3.The most important aspect of power is probably that it _____. a.is needed to get things done in an organization
b.is a function of dependency
c.tends to corrupt people
d.is counterproductive
e.involves control
(b; Easy; Power and Dependency; p. 451)

4.Which of the following statements is true concerning power? a. Trust and mistrust affect the expression of power.
b. A person can have power over you only if he or she controls something you desire. c. Power requires some congruence between the goals of the leader and those being led. d. To be effective, power must be actualized.

e. In order to have power, a person must impose their control over others. (b; Moderate; Power; p. 451)

Contrasting Leadership and Power

5.Leaders achieve goals, and power is _____.
a.defined by leaders’ hopes and aspirations
b.usually used by poor leaders
c.a means of achieving goals
d.a goal in and of itself
e.a strong influence on leaders’ goals
(c; Easy; Leadership and Power; p. 451)

6. Power does not require goal compatibility, merely _____. a.reliance
b.communication
c.confidence
d.dependence
e.understanding
(d; Moderate; Power; p. 451)

7. Leadership requires _____.
a.some congruence between the goals of the leader and those being led b.strong two-way communication between the leader and those being led c.a dependency of those being led on the leader

d.a dependency of the leader on those being led
e.followers to share behavioral traits with their leaders (a; Moderate; Leadership; p. 451)

8.Leadership focuses on the _____.
a.downward influence of a leader on his or her followers b.importance of lateral and upward influence patterns c.elimination of dependency relationships
d.all of the above
e.none of the above
(a; Moderate; Leadership; p. 451)

9.Leadership research emphasizes _____.
a.style
b.persuasion
c.power
d.communication
e.commitment
(a; Moderate; Leadership; p. 451)

10.Unlike leadership research, research on power tends to focus on _____. a.individual styles in using power
b.strategies for goal attainment
c.tactics for gaining compliance
d.the administration of rewards
e.the effective use of threats
(c; Moderate; Power; p. 451)

Bases of Power

11.The two general groupings of power are _____.
a.informational and personal
b.formal and informal
c.informal and legitimate
d.personal and formal
e.static and fluid
(d; Moderate; Bases of Power; p. 452) {AACSB: Analytic Skills}

12._____ power is based on an individual’s position in an organization. a. Leadership
b. Formal
c. Informal
d. Influential
e. Static
(b; Easy; Formal Power; p. 452)

13.Formal power can arise out of which of the following?
a. the ability to coerce or reward
b. formal authority
c. control of information
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
(d; Moderate; Formal Power; p. 452)

14.One reacts to _____ power out of fear of...
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