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Employee Behaviors Positive And Negative Outcomes Business Essay

Employees’ behavior mostly will lead to positive or negative outcomes; therefore, motivated employees play an important role in the workplace. According to Linder (1998), motivated employees help organizations to be survival and adapt to the rapid changing business environment. The term of motivation could be defined to reword organization goals and satisfy the employees’ needs. There are two categories of motivation theories: content theories and process theories. “Content theories describe the specific factors that motivate employees, such as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, McGregor, McClelland and Herzberg. And then, process theories which are concerned with the thought processes that influence behavior, for instance, Vroom and Porter-Lawler expectancy theories and Adam’s equity theory” (Hall et al, 2008:374). Due to that there is an argument of that non financial motivation method plays litter impacts in the workplace, as a result of this, “a fair day’s pay for a fair day’s” work has been stressed its role in the workplace. Consequently, the objective of this essay attempts to exam a number of motivation theories associated with examples, including Taylor’s scientific management, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and MaClelland’s managerial needs. These theories attempt to provide an explanation of financial motivation and non financial motivation.

In order to motivate employees effectively, Taylor’s scientific management theory states that high wage is the main motivator, linking to the production outputs, and an employee is to do the job according to the payment got (Tutor2u.net, 2010). Thus, the central notion of Taylor’s scientific management is that the payment should be linked to the workers’ amount production, which “a worker should get a fair day’s pay for a fair day’s work” through the piece rates reward system (Hall et al, 2008). In order to make a more specific understanding of piece...
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