Section II: Organizing content Knowledge for Student Learning 2-1: Becoming Familiar with Relevant Aspects of Students’ Background Knowledge and Experience
Teachers must locate learner background information and experiences in order to plan lessons. Teachers must work with; intervention specialists, parents, guidance counselors and the students themselves in order to locate learner background and information. Teachers should create or select teaching methods, learning activities, and instructional materials or other resources that are appropriate to every student. Teachers in diverse classroom settings will have to merge their own race/ethnicity and associated beliefs and prejudices with those of their students. With this in mind, teachers must make a concerted effort to learn about their students. Teachers must learn alternative methods aimed at children with different learning strategies. Teachers will have to learn to plan activities for all different types of learners. Teachers must develop activities that engage all learners with the necessary content. Fairness with students encourages other students to be fair with each other. This is significant because it establishes rapport with students as well as respect for diversity in the classroom. It is important to develop different teaching strategies for all types of learns to ensure each student understands the content necessary. An example of different teaching strategies for different students may include accommodations for children on an individualized education plan. Students on an individualized education plan may have accommodations on their assignments. Instead of students having different tests the teacher may have extended time on their lessons because they may take longer than most students. Teachers may also make modifications for students who can not learn the material so they may change the assignment. For an example in English class a deaf or hearing impaired child must listen to the rhyme...
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