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CSC253 INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA
COMPONENTS OF MOTHERBOARD

NAME : MUHAMMAD FARIHIN AZMY BIN HASLAN
ID NO : 2012610106
CODE PROGRAM : CS110
GROUP : CS1103B
LECTURER’S NAME : MISS KETTY ANAK CHECHIL

Motherboard Components
* The motherboard is the heart of the computer.
* It links all of the components together into one machine. * All computer components are connected to the motherboard either through input/output ports, slots, or adapter cards. * There are built in components that can be removed that all functioning motherboards contain. * These components are the central processing unit, random access memory or RAM, the data BUS, and adapter card slots. * Another essential item is an auxiliary storage device. * These can include hard disk drives, floppy disk drives, CD-ROMS, or other permanent storage units.

1. SATA Connectors(Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) * It is an interface used to connect ATA hard drives to a computer's motherboard. * SATA transfer rates start at 150MBps, which is significantly faster than even the fastest 100MBps ATA/100 drives. * Serial ATA is likely to replace the previous standard, Parallel ATA (PATA), which has been around since the 1980s. * SATA (Serial ATA) is an advance on this where the signals are sent over a serial bus not a parallel bus. * The cable is much smaller and it will run at higher speed and will support more than 2 drives on a bus.

2. IDE Connectors(Integrated Drive Electronics)
* IDE is also known as ATA or PATA (Parallel ATA) and is a way of handling a parallel data bus from a disk drive (a disk drive) to a computer mother board where the disk controller is mostly embedded in the disk drive. * IDE and its updated successor, Enhanced IDE (EIDE), are the most common drive interfaces found in IBM compatible computers today. * connects CD drives and Hard drives to the mother board. * They transfer data and commands between the devices but not power. The cables come in the 40 pin and 80 pin configurations.

3. Processor Socket
* The processor socket (also called a CPU socket) is the connector on the motherboard that houses a CPU and forms the electrical interface and contact with the CPU. * Provides mechanical and electrical connections between a microprocessor and a printed circuit board (PCB). * Processor sockets use a pin grid array (PGA) where pins on the underside of the processor connect to holes in the processor socket. * Computers based on the Intel x86 architecture include socket processors.

4. Memory Slots
* Allows computer memory (RAM) to be inserted into the computer. * Depends on the motherboard, there will usually be 2 to 4 memory slots (sometimes more on high-end motherboards) and are what determine the type of RAM used with the computer. * The most common types of RAM are SDRAM and DDR for desktop computers and SODIMM for laptop computers, each having various types and speeds. * In this below picture, there are three open available slots for three memory sticks.

5. Power Supply slot
* This slot is to connect to a power supply unit (PSU) which converts mains AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer. * Power supply changes alternating current from a wall socket to low-voltage direct current to operate the processor and peripheral devices. * First-generation microcomputer and home computer power supply units used a heavy step-down transformer and a linear power supply. * Modern computers use switched-mode power supplies (SMPS) with a ferrite-cored high frequency transformer. * The switched-mode supply is much lighter and less costly, and is more efficient, than an equivalent linear power supply.

6. Graphic Card Slot
* To connect a video card or graphic card which is a computer chip you usually insert into your computer via a AGP slot inside...
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