Beck Depression Inventory

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Running Head: BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY

Beck Depression Inventory



Beck Depression Inventory

_Introduction_

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a widely used and effective measure of depression. It can be used by a variety of people but is generally used in a clinical setting to assess patients that may be suffering from depression (Lange A, 2007). This test can also create options when it comes to specific disorders and the treatment plans that will be most effective for the suffering individual. The BDI is made up of only 21 questions but had been relied on to define depression (Mash J& Barkley A, 2007).

_Discussion_

_Article 1_

The Becks Depression Inventory was designed to be used by mental health or medical professionals. The Becks Depression Inventory consists of 21 questions, long-form which is used by clinicians and 10 questions, short-form, used by primary care providers. Meta-analysis is a method used for condensing all the genuine statistics of many various studies pertaining to the same subject. A result from a meta-analysis will show the statistics of a correlation or measure of effect size representing all the subjects of a topic. The content validity (degree in which items are represented on the test that is to be measured) of the BDI because the test was designed by clinicians, using depressive symptoms from patients.

_Article 2_

The Beck Depression Inventory was designed by a well-known cognitive therapist named Aaron T. Beck. This psychological test has multiple questions designed to measure the depth of depression. The test is designed to detect symptoms of depression by asking 21 questions, each with four possible answers. The primary purpose of the Beck Depression Inventory test is to observe the changes in symptoms of depression by a health care physician. According to the Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders, "Individual questions of the Becks Depression Inventory evaluates mood, insomnia, punishment, appetite, self-accusation, self-dissatisfaction, crying, self-dislike, guilt, loss of libido withdrawal, suicidal ideas, body image, irritability, social work difficulties, fatigue, bodily preoccupation, sense of failure, loss of weight, and pessimism" (Mash J& Barkley A, 2007).

Becks Depression Inventory is used to measure many different depression circumstances. Above it (what is it?) discusses how the inventory is used and the measurement of how deep depression can go based on Becks inventory. The following article on Becks Depression Inventory involves the connection between two epidemics including depressiveness among disability retirement among unemployed compared to the employed. Researchers created a large group inventory of about 14,487 people between the years of 1998 and 2003 (Groth-Marnat, 2009).

They conducted this survey through the mail in which participants would fill out a survey on their employment status. After the surveys were received the researchers based the depression on Becks inventory. The conclusion was that in 1998 the status was employed with little or no depressiveness present. However, in 2003 it was a different because a total of 329 participants retired within five years of the survey. Among them 4.8 were short-term unemployed and 6.7 were long-term unemployed. The ranges for the short-term unemployed were 3.3-17.9% and the long-term unemployed were 2.6 to 14.2 percent. The lowest numbers of depressiveness however were those of the employed participants that only ranged from 1.4 to 7.1% (Groth-Marnat, 2009). This can help prove that staying healthy can be affected by one's employment status.

Compare and Contrast articles

When comparing these two articles, it is easy to see that they both are based on depression and contain some sort of survey to produce results that have the same conclusion, who has depression tendencies and how deep do these types of feelings go. They also share how symptoms can evolve over time. In article one...
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