The Confident Years, 1953-1964 Lecture/Reading Notes 1 (p. 324-330) I. A Decade of Affluence A. What’s Good for General Motors 1. New Republicanism Satisfied with postwar America, Eisenhower accepted much of the New Deal but saw _________________________________. Eisenhower’s first secretary of defense, “Engine Charlie” Wilson, had headed General Motors. At his Senate confirmation hearing, he proclaimed, “For years, I thought what ___________________________ was good for General Motors and vice versa.” 2. The impact of a booming economy Automobile production, on which _______________________________, neared 8 million vehicles per year in the mid-1950s; less than _________ of new car sales were imports. Average wages rose faster than consumer prices in __________________ ____________ between 1953 and 1964. Industrial cities offered members of _____________________ factory jobs at wages that could _______________________. However, there were never enough family-wage jobs for all of the African-American and Latino workers who continued to move to ____________ and _______________ cities. To cut costs and accelerate Native American assimilation, Congress pushed the _____________________________ between 1954 and 1962. Termination cut thousands of Indians adrift from the ________________ _________________. B. Reshaping Urban America 1. Urban Renewal In 1954, Congress transformed the __________________________ into ___________________. Cities used federal funds to replace to replace low-rent businesses and run-down housing on the fringes of their downtowns with new ________, civic centers, _______________, office towers, and ________________. 2. The Federal Highway Act of 1956 The Federal Highway Act of 1956 created a national system of Interstate and Defense Highways. The legislation wrapped a program to build ________________ of freeways in the language of the Cold War.
Interstates __________________ of city-to-city travel. The highways promoted...
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