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Battle of Saratoga

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The Battle of Saratoga
Braden Duke
1231 Horseshoe Bend Rd.
Pontotoc, MS 38863
662-296-1707
bduke17@hotmail.com

Pontotoc High School
123 Main St.
Pontotoc, MS 38863
662-489-3336

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During the course of the Revolutionary War, between 1775 and 1783, there were many battles that took place, but the battle of Saratoga was one of the most significant battles of the war. It consisted of two battles at Freeman’s Farm and Bernis Heights, occurring on September 19, 1777 and October 7, 1777, in Saratoga, New York. The battle resulted in an American victory and the surrender of British General John Burgoyne. These events gave the Americans a huge boost of confidence and shifted the momentum to their side, resulting in the turning point of the war.

Before the battle of Saratoga, the British army led by General Burgoyne had just demolished the Americans by capturing Fort Ticonderoga. After capturing Ticonderoga the British general marched south moving very slowly, allowing the Americans time to strengthen their lines and giving them time to prepare for their next battle under new General, Horatio Gates. Also, General George Washington sent Benedict Arnold, Daniel Morgan and his Virginia sharpshooters and two units of continentals from the Hudson Highlands to help out the group of Americans marching south under Gates. This strengthened Gate’s forces to about sixty five hundred men. When they arrived the Americans established a defensive fortification with the help of a polish engineer, Thaddeus Kosciusko, along the Hudson River called Bernis Heights. The position dominated all movement through the Hudson River valley. General Burgoyne and his troops were fully dependent on the river for transporting supplies therefore making it impossible to dodge.

General Burgoyne heard of the Americans position and tried to move inland to avoid the dangers of the American fortifications. On September 19 the two infantries collided at the abandoned farm of...