Battle of Gettysburg

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 917
  • Published : October 8, 1999
Open Document
Text Preview
Selected Views of the Battle of Gettysburg On July 1st of

1863 the battle of Gettysburg began. The battle was more

less an unexpected disaster; neither side had planned

battle they ended up in the same place and the battle

begun. There where many wounded and many casualties.

Much like the final battle in The Red Badge of Courage

when most of Henry's regiment is wiped out by a daring

charge. This charge leads to the downfall of the

Confederacy as well as the fall of Henry's regiment. 3 days

before the battle of Gettysburg the Union replaced General

Hooker with General George G. Meade. The Battle lasted

for 3 long bloody days. The Confederate army took heavy

casualties causing this fight to be a major turning point in the

war. Although the union was losing the war up to this point

and out number 75,000 to 97,000, they still managed to

win this crucial fight. "This was the bloodiest battle in the

American history, on American soil"

( On the first day of the battle not

much fighting took place, not all of the army was there from

either side. It seemed the Confederacy had the upper hand

at first because they had twice as many men as the union in

the beginning of battle. But the Union had the new

repeating rifles that reloaded much faster then the

Confederacy's single-load muskets. The Union army

positioned it's self along wood fences on McPherson's

Ridge. These men were one of the first units to enter the

area. They where able to hold off Lee's army until more

Union troops could arrive. The Confederates where not

prepared for this new rain of bullets and they were forced

to start retreating. After a short retreat they regrouped and

began a flanking attack. The union was forced to retreat

and Gettysburg had fallen to the confederates for the day.

The next day there would be hope for the union would

have a new advantage. On day 2 the Union troops

positioned themselves on top of Cemetery Hill and

Cemetery Ridge. General Sickles of the union was ordered

to fortify Little Round top but he saw no value in this and

advanced to Devil's Den. After heavy fighting in Devil's

Den General Sickles army was forced to retreat several

times first to the Wheatfield, then the peach orchard and

finally to Emmetsburg road. There where battles fought at

each location as well as fighting on Culp's hill that had a

famous bayonet charge by Colonel Chamberlain. General

Longstreet was order to attack Little Round Top, Devil's

Den, the wheat fields, and the peach orchard. "Here some

of the most bitter fighting of the Civil War erupted"

( General Lee's strategy on day 2

was to outflank the Union army. However the Union army

stayed fortified on Cemetery Hill, causing General Lee to

change his strategy. This leads up to most of the fighting on

day 3. Day 3 started with renewed fighting on Culp's hill.

The fight went on for six hours when the Confederates

where finally driven back. Shortly after that General Lee

was preparing for his large frontal assault on Cemetery hill

and there was an encounter between the Union and

Confederate cavalries near the Round Tops. The Union

won this small battle stopping the Confederate army from

breaking thought the line. The Confederates then positioned

themselves in the woods across from the center of the

Union line for a charge. At about 1:00 P.M they began

bombarding the Union center with shells from their 170

artillery. "Then, 15,000 brave Confederates marched one

mile in an open field to reach the Union line and try to

break though" ( This charge know

as "Pickett's Charge" probably lost the battle for the

Confederates because the sustained heavy casualties where

the union took few. Critically weakened by artillery during

their approach, formations...
tracking img