Basics of the Americans with Disabilities Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act, known henceforth as the ADA, protects persons with a disability from discrimination, but before we can examine who must follow the guideless set by the ADA it is important to know exactly who qualifies for protection under the Act.
The ADA has amended coverage to not only people with a disability but to those with a history of having a disability and to those perceived as disabled whether they actually have a disability or not (EEOC). The 2008 amendment to the ADA has broadens the way the term “disability” is to be interpreted. Previously a “disability” was considered the substantial limitation of major life activities such as: “caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, sitting, reaching, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, interacting with others, and working” (EEOC). The ADA will now include substantial limitation of major bodily functions to the interpretation of the term “disability” these functions would include such actions as: the functions of the immune system, special sense organs, and skin; normal cell growth; and digestive, genitourinary, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, cardiovascular, endocrine, hemic, lymphatic, musculoskeletal, and reproductive functions” (EEOC). These two groups of disabled individuals are protected under the five sections, or titles if you will, of the ADA. The five titles cover: employment, public transportation and state and local government services, public accommodation, telecommunications, and title five that cover miscellaneous (American).
Now that it is known who is considered disabled and in need of protection by the ADA the question of who is required to obey the laws set by the Act can be answered. “Public and private businesses, state and local government agencies,... [continues]
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