Basel II Implications on Indian Banks
Group Members Rahul Sharma (ERO0097549) Abhishek Tulsyan (CRO0137558) Sikha Kedia (ERO0105399) Gourav Modi (ERO0016925) Praveen Didwania (ERO0110131)
Index of Contents
Topics Page No.
A. B. C. D. E. F. G. Background Functions of Basel Committee The Evolution to Basel II – First Basel Accord Capital Requirements and Capital Calculation under Basel I Criticisms of Basel I New Approach to Risk Based Capital Structure of Basel II First Pillar : Minimum Capital Requirement Types of Risks under Pillar I The Second Pillar : Supervisory Review Process The Third Pillar : Market Discipline 3 3 3 3 3 4 4
The Three Pillar Approach
A. B. C. D. 5 5 6 6 7 7 7
Capital Arbitrage and Core Effect of Basel II
A. Capital Arbitrage B. Bank Loan Rating under Basel II Capital Adequacy Framework C. Effect of Basel II on Bank Loan Rating
Basel II in India
A. Implementation C. Impact on Indian Banks D. Impact on Various Elements of Investment Portfolio of Banks E. Impact on Bad Debts and NPA’s of Indian Banks D. Government Policy on Foreign Investment E. Threat of Foreign Takeover 8 8 9 10 10 10
A. SWOT Analysis of Basel II in Indian Banking Context B. Challenges going ahead under Basel II 11 11 13 13
References The Technical Paper Presentation Team
Basel II is a new capital adequacy framework applicable to Scheduled Commercial Banks in India as mandated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The Basel II guidelines were issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision that was initially published in June 2004. The Accord has been accepted by over 100 countries including India. In April 2007, RBI published the final guidelines for Banks operating in India. Basel II aims to create international standards that deals with Capital Measurement and Capital Standards for Banks which banking regulators can use when creating regulations about how much banks need to put aside to guard against the types of financial and operational risks banks face. The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision was constituted by the Central Bank Governors of the G-10 countries in 1974 consisting of members from Australia, Brazil, Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Spain, India, Japan, etc to name a few. The committee regularly meets four times a year at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Basel, Switzerland where its 10 member Secretariat is located.
B. Functions of the Basel Committee
The purpose of the committee is to encourage the convergence toward common approaches and standards. However, the Basel Committee is not a classical multilateral organisation like World Trade Organisation. It has no founding treaty and it does not issue binding regulations. It is rather an informal forum to find policy solutions and promulgate standards.
C. The Evolution to Basel II – First Basel Accord
The First Basel Accord (Basel I) was completed in 1988. The main features of Basel I were: • • • Set minimum capital standards for banks Standards focused on credit risk, the main risk incurred by banks Became effective end-year 1992
The First Basel Accord aimed at creating a level playing field for internationally active banks. Hence, banks from different countries competing for the same loans would have to set aside roughly the same amount of capital on the loans.
D. Capital Requirements and Capital Calculation under Basel – I Minimum Capital Adequacy ratio was set at 8% and was adjusted by a loan’s credit risk weight. Credit risk was divided into 5 categories viz. 0%, 10%, 20%, 50% and 100%. Commercial loans, for example, were assigned to the 100% risk weight category. To calculate required capital, a bank would multiply the assets in each risk category...