Baseball and Softball

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Baseball is a very commonly played sport. There was once a story that Abner Doubleday invented baseball in 1839 but that story was never really proved. The first published rules were written in 1845 for a New York baseball club by Alexander Cartwright. He is known as a commonly “father of baseball”. On June 3, 1953 congress officially gave Alexander Cartwright credit for inventing the current game of baseball. Alexander is a member of the baseball hall of fame.

Baseball is a game played by two teams. The teams are either offense or defense. Each alternation is called an inning which is a length fixed segment of a game and there are usually nine innings per game. There are four main tools for baseball which are a bat, ball, mitt, and off course the field!

The goal of the game is to score more points or runs than the opposite team. To score you have to complete a tour of bases which form a square shaped figure that’s called a diamond. First you start at home plate and go counter-clockwise. Every field has a diamond with bases at its corners. The part of the field closest to the bases is called the infield. The furthest part is the outfield. A play begins with an offensive player called a batter standing at home plate. The batter waits for the pitcher to throw the ball toward home plate and tries to hit the ball. If the batter hits the ball into play the batter must drop the bat and start running toward first base. The catcher’s job is to catch the pitches that the batter doesn’t hit and return them to the pitcher.

If the batter fails to hit a well pitched ball or if he hits it so that it goes outside the field is called a strike. When the batter starts running he is now referred to as the “runner”. The runner’s goal is to reach a base where they could be safe. The defensive players try to stop the runners from reaching base by putting him out using the ball. Runners that get put out leave the field and go to the bench or dugout...
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