Barrons Study Keys - American History to 1877

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Robert D. Geise, M. Ed Adjunct Professor of American History Park College

OUTLINE NOTES: Themes, keys, historical figures, major dates and events to know for your introductory college course. From Pre-Columbian America to the post-Civil War Reconstruction era. Study Keys will help guide you through lectures, your textbook, tests, and papers in introductory American History I courses.

Robert D. Geise Adjunct Professor of American History Park College

American History To 1877

BARRON'S

CONTENTS
THEME 1: Early exploration and settlement / The first Americans 2 Impulses to European exploration Early explorers 4 Early English explorers and settlements THEME 2: Colonial British North America © Copyright 1992 by Barren's Educational Series, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microfilm, xerography, or any other means, or incorporated into any information retrieval system, electronic or mechanical, without the written permission of the copyright owner. All inquiries should be addressed to: Barren's Educational Series, Inc. 250 Wireless Boulevard Hauppauge, New York 11788 Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 91-35200 International Standard Book No. 0-8120-4737-0 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Geise, Robert. Study keys to American history, to 1877 / Robert Geise. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-8120-4737-0 1. United States—-History—Study and teaching I. Title. E175.8.G45 1992 973.071'!—dc20 91-35200 CIP

1 2 3 4 6 8 9 11 13 14 15 17 19 20 21 23 25 26 28 30 31 33 35 36 37 38 39 41 43 44

5 6 7 8 9 10

Puritan New England Middle Colonies Southern Colonies Colonial economies Society and labor Colonial culture Colonial turmoil

THEME 3: The American Revolution 12 The mercantile system Wars for world empire 14 A new imperial policy /5 Taxation controversy 16 The crisis deepens 17 A struggle for men's minds Lexington to Saratoga 19 Revolution in the West, at sea, and in the South 20 A social revolution? THEME 4: Confederation and Constitution 21 22 23 24 25 26 New governments Confederation achievements Weaknesses of the Confederation Constitutional Convention The Constitution approved Religious toleration, religious freedom

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 456 5500 987

THEME 5: The Federalist era 27 Establishing the new government 28 Hamilton's financial plan 29 Foreign policy under Washington 30 A two-party system 31 The Adams administration 32 The Marshall Supreme Court

46 47 48 50 52 53 55

THEME 9: National growth 53 Opening the West 54 Agriculture 55 Industrial development 56 Labor movement 57 Transportation and communication revolutions 58 Urban growth 59 Immigration

87 88 89 90 92 93 95 96 98 99 101 102 103 105 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 116 117 119 120 121 123 125 126 127 128

THEME 6: The Jeffersonians 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Jefferson in office The Louisiana Purchase Failure of neutrality War of 1812 A new nationalism Monroe administration A nationalist foreign policy Political realignments

57 58 59 60 62 63 65 66 68

THEME 10: Slavery and expansion 60 The slave system 61 The white South 62 Free blacks; anti-slavery 63 Manifest Destiny 64 The Texas problem 65 War with Mexico

THEME 11: Conflict approaches THEME 7: The age of Jackson 41 Jacksonian democracy 42 Jackson and the Bank 43 Tariffs and nullification 44 Indian removal 45 Post- Jackson politics

69
70 71 72 74 75

66 67 68 69 70 71

Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Political party changes Friction and violence Dred Scott decision Election of 1860; secession

THEME 12: Civil War THEME 8: An era of reform 46 The second Great Awakening 47 Utopian communities 48 Reform movements 49 Women's rights 50 Abolition 51 Education 52 An American culture 76 77 79 80 81 83 84 85

72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

Civil War begins The Confederacy Bull Run to Chancellorsville Gettysburg to Appomattox Diplomacy and war at sea The home front Civil...
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