Baroque Period

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Konzert in G major Johann Quantz
Katherine Parkes

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Konzert in G major Johann Quantz
Katherine Parkes

Music Analysis 2012
Music Analysis 2012

Johann Joachim Quantz
Konzert in G Major

Johann Quantz was one of the first professional flautists in 18th century Europe. Quantz was an accomplished musician, flute maker and composer. He was an apprentice under his uncle Justus Quantz. Quantz studied many string and wind instruments, primarily oboe, and took harpsichord lessons from a very early age. He joined the Dresden town band in 1716, and studied counterpoint in Vienna. Finding little opportunity for advancement as an oboist, he began flute, studying for four months with P. G. Buffardin.

Quantz travelled to Italy in 1724 to study counterpoint and flute. Later, he journeyed to Paris, whilst he was there he added a second key to his flutes, changing the fingering position on the instrument, but making it easier to play. Quantz then returned to Dresden and there he was made a member of the court Kapelle.

From 1728 he taught Prince Frederick of Prussia on the flute before moving to Berlin in 1741. Instead of playing in the pit orchestra at the opera, Quantz served The King and played private evening concerts for him. The repertoires at these concerts were mainly Quantz’s own work. Quantz composed over 200 flute sonatas and 300 flute concertos, as well as his work with vocal composition. Among these works, Quantz composed ‘Konzert in G major’. Quantz began making flutes in 1739. He made eighteen instruments that can now be found in museums in Germany, the USA and Japan. | Quantz's flutes are unlike other baroque flutes in a number of interesting ways. In 1724 (whilst in Paris) he invented a second key for D#. Although the Eb key already existed on the flute, Quantz thought that adding a D# would help with tuning and intonation. Even though the Quantz flute was good, it had little influence on 18th century European instruments. This was because Quantz was not a commercial instrument maker: few people had the opportunity to own or play one. Konzert in G major was composed in the late Baroque period to early classical period. Even though it could have been composed in the classical period, by it has many of the characteristics of the Baroque era. Quantz knew much of the Baroque era because of his training in counterpoint and flute, and although the piece does have references to the classical period (the sonata form) it is primarily a Baroque piece of music. The Baroque era was a period of European music between 1600-1750. The word Baroque means strangeness, abnormality and extravagance, applying more to art than music. It is used to describe art architecture as well as music. The Baroque period had many defining characteristics; the basso continuo (figured bass line) originated in the Baroque period. The basso continuo is accompaniment used in most genres of music throughout the baroque period, and consisted of cello and harpsichord continuo. Another characteristic of Baroque music is the mood interpretation. In Baroque music, there is generally one mood throughout one piece. Often this relates to the key of the music. A happy mood is more likely to be in major keys such as movement one and three of ‘Konzert in G’ unlike movement two, which is in a minor key and therefore has a sadder mood. What is happy will stay happy throughout the piece and what is sad continues to the end. Composers moulded the musical language to fit the moods and affections. Many different forms are used in Baroque music, such as Binary (AB) Ternary (ABA) Rondo (ABACA). Konzert in G is written more in Sonata form which refers to the classical period that it could have been composed in. Sonata Form is (Exposition: {Theme} Development {Variation} Recapitulation: {Theme} Many types of music were introduced in the baroque period, such...
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