Baroque Art

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  • Topic: Rome, Palace of Versailles, Baroque
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Baroque

one big misshapen pearl

STYLE ARTISTS and IMAGES VOCAB

HISTORICAL NOTE
Baroque art falls into the period of Counter-Reformation led by the Catholic church against the Protestants. Much of the Baroque art, especially in Italy, reflects reaction to Mannerism, but also the social turmoil of the time. According to the Council of Trent and the Catholic church artworks should be a clear, intelligible subject realistically interpreted in order to stimulate piety. This was part of the reason that the artwork turned towards naturalism, becoming emotionally engaging and intense.

STYLE

strong perspective effects
dramatic color
dramatic light and dark (chiaroscuro and tenebrism)
movement of figures (especially upwards)
broken and agitated draperies
loose brushstrokes
heavy impasto
dense and detailed compositions (for emotional impact on viewer) Wofflin's 5 points of the differences between Baroque and Renaissance recessional compositions (not planar)
Baroque art has continuous overlapping of figures and elements where the Renaissance and clear defined planes that recede in depth. Baroque art often has a sweeping diagonal element that crosses many planes. painterly instead of linear

The figures in Baroque art are merged better through chiaroscuro that blends the edges of each form. This creates a mystical union of all the figures/elements. Renaissance art treats each figure in isolation and they appear as discrete objects. Color contrasts, outlines, contours or hard edges contribute to this linearity. open form (not closed form)

The figures in Baroque art seem projected out into the viewer's space (so that the viewer becomes involved in the picture). unity rather than muliplicity
Baroque art uses light (and other compositional elements) to create meaning instead of for its purely naturalistic effects or to reveal form. The light sources often are not natural or there are multiple sources. The meaning often emphasizes what will happen in the moment after that depicted. tendency towards unclearness

subject matter includes or shows
grandiose visions
ecstasies and conversions (religious)
martydom and death (religious)
ephemeral moments and the passage of time
intense light
powerful psychological renderings (outward emotions, intense contemplation) OVERALL:
EXAMPLES: (Italian) Caravaggio, Bernini, (Spanish) El Greco, Velazquez, (Low Countries) Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt

ARTISTS and IMAGES

Italian Baroque
Spanish Baroque
Baroque in the Low Countries
French Baroque
Italian Baroque
Caravaggio
The Conversion of St Paul
Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome
1601
Caravaggio
The Crucifixion of Saint Peter
companion piece of The Conversion of Saint Paul
Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome
1601
Caravaggio
Calling of Saint MattewSan Luigi dei Francesi, Rome
1600
Caravaggio
Death of the Virgin
Louvre, Paris
1606
Artemisia Gentileschi
Judith and Maidservant
Institute of the Arts, Detroit
1625
Francesco Borromini
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Rome
1665-1676
Gianlorenzo Bernini
David
Galleria Borghese, Rome
1623
Gianlorenzo Bernini
The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa
Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome
1645-1652
Gianlorenzo Bernini
Piazza and Colonnade
Sculpture and architecture at saint Peter's, Rome
89. Gianlorenzo Bernini
Baldacchino
at the crossing of the church over the tomb of Saint Peter Saint Peter's, Rome
Gianlorenzo Bernini
Cathedra Petri
The throne of Saint Peter
Saint Peter's, Rome
Spanish Baroque
El Greco
The Burial of Count Orgaz
Santo Tome, Toledo...
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