Barbados: The Second Smallest Country In Western Hemisphere

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Dr. James Philips

ANTH 319


Barbados is a small, independent country with a population of about 252,000 people, located in the Caribbean Sea, and is the most easterly island of the West Indies. Barbados is the second smallest country in the western hemisphere and is located about 200 miles North, North East of Trinidad and about 100 miles East, South East of St. Lucia. The one time British colony has only one port, which is in Bridgetown, this town is also the capital of Barbados and has a population of 8,789 people. The major urban centers in the area are Bridgetown, Speightstown, Oistins, and Holetown. The island is underlain with folded sedimentary deposits, and a surface layer of coral attains 90m (300 ft) in thickness. The land is mainly flat except in the northeastern parts where erosion has exposed rugged ridges that rise upward to 1,000 feet and then fall sharply towards the sea. The climate is warm and pleasant. The average annual temperature is about 27 degrees Centigrade (80 F), and little daily or annual variation occurs. A dry season (from December to May) alternates with the wet season where the rains fall during the months of July through November. The average annual rainfall is about 40 inches in the coastal areas and about 90 inches in the central areas. Barbados is one of the world's most densely populated countries. The annual birthrate is 15.45 people per 1000 square feet of land, and the annual death rate is 8.27 people per 1000 square feet of land. The annual growth rate is 0.4%, which is one of the lowest in the world. Barbados ranks fourth in the world in population density, with the overall density being 1,526 per square mile. The whole island is inhabited leaving no sparsely populated areas. Nearly 92% of the island's population is black. The remainder of the population consists of Whites (3.8%), Mulattoes (3.8%), and East Indians (0.4%). About 70% of the population is Anglican. The other...
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