Before the Spaniards came, the Filipinos already have its own civilization, government, laws, language and culture. The barangay is the form of government, which came from the word “balangay”. It is a huge wooden water vessel used by ancient Filipinos as a mode of transportation during pre colonial era. In each vessel a clan or a family is assembled and they live inside the balangay as they journey from island to island. Upon settling in to the land people are organized in groups so that head of the community or the Datu or Rajah can easily manage them. These leaders belong to rich clans who claim power out of reach from ordinary people. It is an efficient way of distinguishing people from other families these groups assemble as how they are formed in the balangay later the word changed to barangay, a well organized independent village. Hispanization
Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, smaller ancient barangays were combined to form towns. Every barangay within a town was headed by the “Cabeza de Barangay”(barangay chief), who formed part of the “Principalia” - the elite ruling class of the municipalities of the Spanish Philippines. This position was inherited from the first datus, and came to be known as such during the Spanish regime. The Spanish Monarch ruled each barangay through the Cabeza, who also collected taxes (called tribute) from the residents for the Spanish Crown. The American Regime
When the Americans arrived, the term barrio went into prominence, as the barangays were called by that name. The term was kept for much of the 20th Century.
THE BARANGAY SYSTEM THROUGH THE YEARS
President Carlos P. Garcia (1957-1961)
R.A. 2370: Barrio Charter Act, An Act Granting Autonomy to Barrios of the Philippines, June 20, 1959.
President Diosdado Macapagal (1961-1965)
R.A. 3590: Revised Barrio Charter, An Act to amend and revise R.A. 2370, otherwise known as "The Barrio Charter”, June 22, 1963.
President Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965 – 1986) ordered the renaming of barrios back to barangays. The term barangay was adopted and barangay structure defined in the modern context during his administration, replacing the old barrios and municipal councils. The name has stuck ever since, though some people still use the old term. The Municipal Council was abolished upon transfer of powers to the barangay system. Marcos used to call the barangay part of Philippine participatory democracy. Most of his writings involving the New Society which he envisioned, praised the role of baranganic democracy in nation-building. P.D. No. 86: Creating Citizens Assemblies, December 31, 1972. P.D. No. 431: Prescribing a system of permanent and continuing registration of members of barangays, providing a procedure for the creation of barangays, providing a procedure for the creation of barangay in areas where there are none and for the election of officials thereof, April 8, 1974. P.D. No. 557: Declaring all Barrios in the Philippines as Barangays, and for other purposes, September 21, 1974. Batas Pambansa Bilang 222: "Barangay Election Act Of 1982“, An act providing for the election of barangay officials, and for other purposes. President Corazon C. Aquino (1986-1992)
R.A. 7160: The Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III : Local Government Units , Title 1 - The Barangay
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2002-2010)
R.A. 9164: An act providing for synchronized barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections, amending R.A. 7160, as amended, otherwise known as the “Local Government Code of 1991", and for other purposes, March 19, 2002.
R.A. 9340: An act amending republic act no. 9164, resetting the barangay and sangguniang kabataan elections, and for other purposes, September 22, 2005
THE BARANGAY STRUCTURE
The Barangay serves as the primary planning and implementing unit of government policies, plans, programs, projects, and activities in the community, and...
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