Folk Music songs and music of a community, uninfluenced by any sophisticated musical rules or any standard Music styles. Bangladesh has a rich folk music, which includes both religious and secular songs. Folk music may be described as that type of ancient music, which springs from the heart of a community, based on their natural style of expression, uninfluenced by the rules of classical music and modern popular songs. Any mode or form created by the combination of tune, voice and dance may be described as music. Thus, the combination of folk song, folk dance, and folk tune may be called folk music. History
The history of folk music composition can be traced back to 8th century between (1800-1850) A.D; which was the time for growth of Charya Geeti. Generations of rural poets; composers created enormous tradition of Bangla folk music. Of which “Baul Song” is the most remarkable. The folk song of Bangladesh is a mixture of Vaishnaism and Sufism. It also may be classified as being an emotional, secular, sectarian and religious song. Characteristic of Bangladeshi folk song
I.It is composed by rural folk on basis of ancient rules transmitted orally. II.These ancient rules of music have not been influence by classical or modern music. III.This song may be sung in groups or individually.
IV.No regular practice is required for folk music.
V.It is composed and performed by illiterate or semi-illiterate people. VI.It is a spontaneous expression in easy language, local dialect, and simple tune. VII.Both words and tune are appealing.
VIII.Despite its universal appeal it uses local dialect.
IX.It depends upon nature and the rural environment.
X.It is an explicit manifestation of the joys and sorrows of daily life. XI.It uses simple and natural rhythms.
XII.It contains a strong emotive expression of human love and separation. Variety
In Bangladesh folk music has great variety, with songs being composed on the culture, festivals, views of life, natural beauty, rivers and reverie life. These songs are also about social inequality and poverty, about the material world and the supernatural. Mystical songs have been composed using the metaphors of rivers and boats. We can classify this mainly two ways. The classification of Bangladeshi folk song Bangladeshi folk music therefore varies from region to region. Some songs are regional in character, but others are common to both Bangladesh and WEST BENGAL Also Folk songs may be sung ndividually or in chorus. Captured Area
Different folk songs belong to different regions of Bangladesh and West Bengal and are listed below: i.Bhatiyali: These types of songs are generally sung by boatman. It is seen nearly all regions of Bangladesh, basically the riverside area. ii.Bhawaiya: Actually this kind of sung by the Coachman .Specially Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Rangpur, and Pabna. iii.Baul and spiritual songs: It sung in Birbhum and Kushtia. iv.Jarigan: Jarigan sung as like as Charya by groups. It sung in Dhaka, Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Faridpur. v.Sari: In Sylhet and Mymensingh a group of singer sings this song with a particular theme. vi.Gambhira: In Rajshahi, Malda there is a special kind of song called Gambhira. It is sung by a grand father and a grand-son about a specific topic. vii.Murshidi: It’s a religious song.
viii.Roof-beating songs: This song sung at the northern regions of Bangladesh. ix.Wedding sings: Basically in rural areas wedding songs are sung in weddings. x.Nil Puja: To celebrate the Puja in Bangladesh this type of songs are sung. Tunes
The folk music of Bangladesh is different from other music not only because of its distinctive mode but also because of the richness of its seventh note. Apart from its tunes, Bangla folk music is also distinct in its rhythm. Folk music has a basic style of composition and can be classified into four groups. First, tunes consisting of: 'Sa Ra Ma Pa’.
Secondly: 'Sa Ga Ma Pa'.
Thirdly: 'Sa Ra Ga...