Banana Philippine

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  • Topic: Banana, Fruit, Fertilizer
  • Pages : 24 (5263 words )
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  • Published : December 16, 2012
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BANANA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING
By: REX A. RIVERA
Agronomist, Agricultural Consultant
1
PHILIPPINE
BANANA
PRODUCTION
&
MARKETING
A trust to build the
Native Philippine Banana Industry
Prepared by:
REX A. RIVERA
Agronomist & Agricultural Consultant
Year 2004
BANANA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING
By: REX A. RIVERA
Agronomist, Agricultural Consultant
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover – Title 1
Table of Contents 2
Introduction 3-5
Ideal Conditions for Banana Growing 5
Soil Requirement 5
Climate Requirement 5
Land Preparation and Planting 5
Preparation of Planting Materials 6
Planting Distance and Gross Estimated Income 7
Planting Procedure 8
Fertilization 8
Banana Nutrient Content 8
Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms in Banana 9
General Fertilizer Rate Recommendation 9
Time of Fertilization 9-10
Pruning 10
Thinning 10
Weeding and Cultivation 10
Flower and Fruit Management 11
Harvesting 11-12
Harvesting Procedure 12
Post Harvest Handling 12-13
Storage 13
Pest and their Control 13-14
Diseases and their Control 14-16
Integrated Pest Management 17
Banana Off Types from Tissue Culture 18
A Farmer’s Practice – Organic Banana Growing 18
Acknowledgement 19
BANANA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING
By: REX A. RIVERA
Agronomist, Agricultural Consultant
3
INTRODUCTION
Banana is a tropical plant growing in all regions of the Philippine. The soil and climate of the country is suitable for its commercial production. It is considered as table fruit of the Philippines, since some varieties are eaten as fresh fruit while others are cooked and processed into chips, powder, souse and others preparations.

It is an annual crop that bears any time of the year, as it is non-seasonal. A very good source of income as inter crop with fruit trees. Banana is a good source of regular weekly or monthly income for the farmer’s family. There are 5.9million farm households depending on banana as their source of income. Banana is still the leading fruit crop in terms of area, volume and value of production. The national average yield is 9.4 tons per hectare while corporate plantation produce 40 tons per hectare.

It is a widely grown fruit in the country, planted as a component of farming system or as a main crop in large plantations in Mindanao. It is an important source of income for small farmers who constitute 80% of the banana growers. Varieties and cultivars

Of the 80- distinct Philippine banana cultivars, Lakatan, Latundan, Bungulan and Saba/Cardaba are popularly grown for local market. Cavendish is produced for the fresh fruit export market: Señorita and Lacatan are gaining acceptance in major importing countries; Saba/Cardaba is the chief source of banana chips and catsup.

There are about 200 variety and strain maintained by the BPI Genebank. Among the commercially promising varieties indigenous to the Philippines are Lakatan, Latundan, Saba – Cardaba, Paa, Bungulan, Amas or Señorita and Morado. Other varieties resistant to BBTV are Dalaga, Radja, Pelilia, Katsila, Abuhon, Turangkog and Dalian. Banana hybrids resistant to SIGATOKA are FHIA 1, 2 and 3.

Banana market
Uses of banana are multiple such as fresh o r processed like chips, catsup, wine, vinegar, flour, puree, and other cooked food and feed preparations. About 66% of production is consumed locally (16.5% for processing; 45.5% as table bananas; and 4%as animal feeds and 34% is exported.

Filipino per capita consumption is 22 kilos per year. We can increase that with more production and priced at the purchasing power of ordinary bread earners.
The pseudostem is made into handicraft items, cloths and with the saba variety as animal feeds. Peelings of Saba are used as substrate for biogas production; sheets of paper and paperboard; banana fibers are manufactured as BANANA PRODUCTION AND MARKETING

By: REX A. RIVERA
Agronomist, Agricultural Consultant
4
rope (abaca variety), sacks and mat. Dried banana blossoms are used in a variety of Chinese and Filipino dishes....
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