Ballroom Dance - Paper

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Middle Term Assignment

Ballroom Dancing in North China
- Group Assignment

Content
Background ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 History of Ballroom Dance in China ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 Beginning -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Declines -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 New Start Point----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 Modern Dance ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 Latin Dance -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 Current Situation of Ballroom Dancing in North China ---------------------------------------------------6 Ballroom Dance in North China among Elders -------------------------------------------------------8

Background
Ballroom Dancing is called “Jiaoyiwu” or “Jiaojiwu” in Chinese, which means Friendship Exchange Dancing. In general, Ballroom Dancing can be divided into two types in China, Modern Dance and Latin Dance. In North China, Waltz, Viennese, Blues, Fox trot, Quick step, Tango, are the top six popular styles of Modern Dance, and Rumba, Cha Cha Cha, Jive, Samba are the top four popular styles of Latin Dance. These two types of dance have enjoyed an increasing popularity in today's China, especially in North China, such as in Beijing. There is almost 700 thousand people go ballroom dancing in Beijing. (Chinese Imperial Cuisines, 2012) Unlike in Canada, most of Chinese people do not dance in a ballroom usually, especially middle-aged and elderly people. For example, many Beijing local people like dancing in public places, such as parks and squares, especially in the summer. They like dancing in the early morning or late afternoon. They may be organized by the neighborhood committee or several Dance lovers. It can be seen as a unique landscape in Beijing, as well as other north cities in China. History of Ballroom Dance in China

Beginning
At the beginning of the twentieth century, ballroom dancing begun to develop in China. Europe and the United States started to affect Chinese dancing style. Firstly, ballroom dancing is a symbol of Western courtship and elegance. Over time, Chinese upper and middle classes adapted the difference of region, language and culture. Decline

In the 1940s, with the rise of Mao Zedong, “the Chinese ballroom dance scene was ostensibly eradicated from mainstream culture. The Communist Party of China (CPC) denounced it as a “Western decadence” and attempted to purge ballroom dancing from Chinese nightlife, especially in entertainment havens such as Shanghai.” (Generation Dance) Between 1946 and 1950, Chinese Civil War happened between Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) and the CPC, the Japanese surrendered Taiwan to the Allies at the end of WWII. During these years, ballroom dancing developed difficultly in China expect Hong Kong. New start point

After 1976 September, The years following Chairman Mao’s death, modernization and restoration of relations with the West made ballroom dancing become people favorite social dancing in China.

Modern Dance
Waltz
Waltz is commonly called “the slow three-step” in China. It is the oldest and the strongest vitality ballroom dancing styles in the world. The word "Waltz” originally came from ancient German, means "scroll", "spin" or "sliding". The phrase describes the basic characteristics of the Waltz dance. Interestingly, the birthplace of Waltz is still disputed now. The German consider that Waltz comes from Germany because the fact of the word "Waltz” originally came from ancient German. However, French people...
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