Balfour Declaration

Topics: Israel, World War I, Ottoman Empire Pages: 3 (970 words) Published: December 17, 2012
The Balfour Declaration was a document that was written by Arthur James Balfour. Arthur James Balfour’s letter was significant because it was the first of its kind to state that the Jews should have their own land so that they can practice their religion without being bothered. The purpose of the document was to liberate the Jewish people, and grant them an independent state that they could practice their beliefs in. When the Balfour Declaration was sent out, it was meant to help the Jewish people establish a national home for their people in Palestine. The Declaration stated that nothing shall be done that will prejudice the civil and religious rights of non-Jewish communities. When the Balfour Declaration came out though, Jewish people believed that all of Palestine was going to become a total Jewish state. The impact of the Balfour Declaration was substantial. The Balfour Declaration gave the Jewish people a place to emigrate, but it also pushed Palestinians out of their own land. The Balfour Declaration laid the foundation for Jewish-Arab discontent that is now posing a major threat to world peace. Issued on November 2, 1917 by Great Britain, the Declaration gave international recognition to the Zionist movement and promised them a Jewish state in the land of Palestine. The Jews in Palestine were around ten percent of its entire population before the Balfour Declaration. It allowed massive migration of Jews from all parts of the world and eventually paved way for the formation of the State of Israel. The Balfour Declaration and the British Mandate that came thereafter were a total contradiction to the Arab people. Great Britain had been in talks with the Grand Sherif of Mecca during the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence of 1915. The Ottoman Arabs were planning to revolt against the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire had Bowers 2

been ruling Arab and Middle Eastern territories dating back to the 16th century. The British were against the revolt against the...
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