Balance Lab

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Balance Lab

Your Name Here

Chemistry

July 21, 2010

Introduction:
Using the direct weighing and weighing by difference methods to find weight and mass of chemicals and compounds. Purpose:
The purpose of this lab was to become familiar with the three different balances and two different methods used to find the weight and mass of chemicals and compounds in the ChemLab program. The lab was performed by using three different types of balances, and the direct weighing and weighing by difference methods. Materials Used:

2 Centigram Balances
1 High Sensitivity Balance
1 Electronic Balance
2 100ml Beakers
Watch Glass
Slugs
5 Copper Slugs
Sodium Chloride (NaCl)

Experimental Methods:
The slugs were measured by both the direct method and by difference methods. First the slugs were measured using the direct method which is done by placing the weight directly onto the centigram balance and reading the results. The slugs were then measured using the by difference method where the slug was placed into a 100ml beaker and weighed then the slug was removed and the beaker was weighed. The first value of the beaker and slug recorded and the weight of the beaker alone was then subtracted from the first value giving the weight of the slug by difference. Both of these results were received from using first a centigram balance and second the electronic balance. The direct method and the by difference method of weighing were both used when finding the weight of the unknown item in the lab procedure. This was done by first placing the unknown slug into a beaker and measuring both the slug and the beaker then by removing the slug and weighing just the beaker. The beaker weight was then subtracted from the combined weight resulting in the weight of the unknown slug by difference. The slug was weighed by direct method by being placed directly on the electronic balance. Average mass of the 5 copper slugs was done by first weighing the first slug and recording the value, and repeating the steps each time a slug was added to the electronic balance. Then once all the slugs were added to the electronic balance the final value was divided by the number of slugs which in this case were 5 and the final value was the average weight of each copper slug. Data:

Centigram Balance direct weighing
1st Centigram Balance| Directly on 2nd Centigram balance| Slug: 2.3g| 2.6g|
Centigram Balance by difference
1st Centigram Balance| Directly on 2nd Centigram balance| Beaker: 49.2g| 49.6g|
Beaker w/slug: 52.2g| 52.2g|
Beaker: 49.6g| 3.4g|
Unknown mass Using Direct weighingBy difference
Unk: 24.72g| Beaker: 49.6g|
Null| Mass w/Beaker 74.42g|
| Calculated mass: 24.82g|
Average Mass of copper slugs
1 Slug: 2.999g| |
2 Slugs: 6.005g| |
3 Slugs: 8.984g| |
4 Slugs: 11.992g| |
5 Slugs: 14.958g| |
Average Mass of all slugs: 2.9916g| |
Solid Chemicals
Centigram Balance| Electronic Balance|
Watch glass w/sample: 10.3g| 11.100g|
Watch glass: 9.3g| 10.000g|
Sample by difference: 1.0g| 1.100g|

Results:

The data shown in the chart above is done by simple subtraction. The data was gathered by following the procedure and annotating the values as they read on both the electronic and centigram balances. The data is labeled as it was retrieved following the procedure in the ChemLab program. All values are as they appeared on each perspective scale.

Discussion & Analysis:
All masses by difference were calculated by taking the mass of the slug and its container subtracted from the mass of the container with out the slug. This can bee seen in the example below.

Mass of beaker = 49.2gMass of Beaker & Slug= 52.2g. Calculated mass of Slug= 3.0g

52.2g – 49.2g = 3.0g.

This same formula was applied to the rest of the measurements, although a different scale was used for some experiments although the values changed the formula stayed the...
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