The game of badminton was derived from the game of POONA which was played in India centuries ago. Some English Army officers stationed in India introduced the game to their homeland about the middle of the 19th century.
The Badminton Association was formed in England in 1895 to standardize the rules and serve as a governing body. Although some records show that the game in this country was first played in New York City in the latter part of the 19th century, it did not really become popular until after World War I. It is now an Olympic sport.
Badminton is one of the few sports that do not use a ball. Instead of a ball, shuttlecocks or birdies are hit back and forth over the net. When a shuttlecock is gently tapped, it will fly in a slow arching pattern. When it is hit hard, the shuttlecock can leave the racket at speeds over 110 miles per hour! However, the shape of the shuttlecock quickly slows down its speed, making it possible for the defender to return some of the hard hit shots.
The racket has three parts to it: the head, the neck, the grip.
There are five different types of badminton shots or strokes: Serves, clears, smashes, drives and drops. Each of the five different shots used in different situations throughout the game. Since the object of badminton is to hit the shuttlecock so that your opponent cannot return it, each of the five types of shots has its own definite advantages and disadvantages.
Serves: The serve is the way the shuttle is put into play. Typically, the serves in badminton are different for singles and doubles play. In singles, you want to serve with a high long shot that will land near the back of your opponent’s court. In doubles, you want to use a low and short serve that will land near the front of your opponent’s court.
Clears: A clear is hitting the birdie high and deep into the opponent’s court. It can be used as a defensive hit to make sure your opponent cannot smash the shuttle at you or use it to keep your opponent on the move. There is an underhand clear, which is hit using the same motion as the serve. On the overhand clear, you want the birdie behind your body.
Smash: A smash is an offensive hit which is very similar to a spike in volleyball. You will find that the smash will be your main offensive shot in winning points. When doing a smash, you want the shuttle in front of the body.
Drive: A drive is a quickly hit shot that travels without much arch. Like a line-drive in baseball, the drive is a strong shot that travels about shoulder height. The racket should contact the shuttle in a straight up and down position so that the flight is straight.
Drop shot: A drop shot can be hit as a forehand, backhand or overhand hit. The drop shot is hit so that the shuttle gently drops over the net and lands in the front of your opponent’s court.
Who serves: A spin of the racket is used to determine the first server. You may call name side “heads” and the reverse side “tails”. The winner is given a choice of either serving first or selecting which side of the court they wish to play.
Changing sides: In both doubles and singles play, players serve from and receive the serve from their right hand courts on the first serve of the game. As points are made, service switches from side to side. This means whenever your score is even you should be serving from the right side and if your score is odd you should be serving from the left side.
Serving: In badminton only the side serving can score. One point is given each time the serving team wins a rally. In doubles play, a game consists of 15 points. The first team to get the required points is the winner.
The service must be delivered underhand to the diagonal service court. Only one service try per player is allowed unless the shuttle is missed entirely. A let serve is one which the birdie touches the top of the net but lands in the proper service court; it...