The Ethical Framework is designed to regulate the work of the counselling practitioner in order to safeguard the needs of the client and to ensure that they are being treated with respect and dignity.
The welfare of the client forms the foundation of he code of practice – the client is protected through the principles outlined within it.
The fundamental values of counselling and psychotherapy are as follows;
•Respecting the client and their dignity
•Ensuring client’s safety
•Maintaining a professional relationship between counsellor and client •Practitioner should keep up-to-date on counselling practice and be committed to continued learning •Working with client to alleviate suffering
•Encouraging and empowering the client by working on their sense of ‘self’ •Increasing the client’s personal effectiveness
•Working to enhance the client’s personal relationships •Embracing diversity and celebrating differences in experience and culture •Commitment to providing fair and adequate counselling and psychotherapy services
These values are designed to provide the best possible service to the client, so that they feel comfortable and safe and able to express themselves. The code of practice ensures that as much as possible, each client will be treated equally as all practitioners will be working to a unified standard of practice that is supported by the BACP.
The ethical principles of counselling and psychotherapy focus on the personal and moral qualities held by the counselling practitioner, which will influence their conduct and practice and how this will have an effect on the delivery and quality of the counselling service. The ethical framework outline that the counsellor should be;
•Trustworthy – working in accordance with client confidentiality and to ensure promises and agreements are kept •Autonomous – developing self confidence within the client to be self aware and self-governing •Acting with beneficence – acting with the client’s well being and best interests in mind •Acting without maleficence – avoiding behaviour that would be detrimental to a client’s progress, or any exploitative behaviour •Being just – being fair and impartial and keeping legal and ethical obligations maintained •Having self-respect – recognising when our own situation may have a negative effect on the client and acting on this and resolving it, whilst making sure that any personal development is positive
The personal moral qualities expected of a counselling practitioner are that they should display;
•Empathy – working with a client and considering and understanding from their perspective •Sincerity – a sincere commitment to following up promises •Integrity – maintaining honesty and morality throughout the counselling process •Resilience – the capacity to work through a client’s issues without a personal detrimental effect •Respect – showing esteem to the client and their understanding of their own situation and themselves •Humility – to assess oneself realistically and recognise when constructive criticism is necessary •Competence – making sure the counsellor has the ability to utilise the required skills and knowledge work effectively and sensitively •Fairness – consistency and appropriateness to all clients •Wisdom – the ability to make wise judgements
• Courage – the ability to make the right decision whether or not this is effected by personal risk to oneself
Differentiate between a person who uses counselling skills and a qualified and trained counsellor.
There is a difference between a person who uses counselling skills and a qualified counsellor, in that although the techniques that are used may be similar, a qualified counsellor carries a level of responsibility to their client that someone who uses counselling skills does not.
A qualified counsellor is a person who has...